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“On July 7th
Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue and U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Scott
Pruitt met with an array of forest and forestry
advocates including Scott Jones, CEO of the Forest
Landowners Association (FLA)... ‘More than half of the
forested acres in this country are owned privately,’
said Jones. ‘The environmental benefits provided to the
entire country by these privately owned forests is just
enormous…to be able to share the scope of private
forestlands with Administrator Pruitt is just huge for
our association and our members.”’
Federal tax dollars go up in smoke when political
leaders force agencies to
spend more on fighting forest fires than is prudent and
necessary. Wouldn't it be nice if a state's
governor were to say, "We are doing what is sensible and
useful in this circumstance and will not indulge in
political theater for its own sake."
“The forest products industry remains one of the
strongest industries in Alabama in terms of annual
capital investment and employment.”
This article highlights four Northwest Alabama forest
industry companies listed on the recently released
2016 New and Expanding Industry Report.
biggest danger with an overheating catalytic converter
is that it's the lowest hanging part of the car,
laying just inches above the ground." Poorly
maintained exhaust systems can set forest fires.
International Beams, a cross-laminated timber (CLT)
producer, announced plans to move into a facility in
The supply of Southern Yellow Pine was cited as one of
the factors inducing the company to locate there.
We know many landowners try not to keep their investment
eggs in one basket. As some countries move toward
limiting or eliminating cash, this source of
value could become scarce. “However, cash is one of
the best ways to manage your privacy, economic strategy,
and the risks in your financial life.”
The Montevallo community is mourning 74-year-old
pharmacy owner Larry Wayne Smitherman, who was killed in
a bush hog accident July 8.
From the Shelby County Reporter:
Smitherman’s wife found him
under his bush hog, his tractor still running at a low
“It appears,” Assistant Chief Deputy Shane Mayfield
said, “that a section of garden hose wrapped around the
blades of the bush hog, and he had gotten under it to
try to untangle it.”
Mayfield suggested the hydraulic pressure of the tractor
was insufficient for suspending the bush hog for an
extended period of time, issuing a tragic accident and
immense loss to the Montevallo community when it could
hold no longer.
Fire might be the only way to fight Chronic Wasting
Disease, which affects deer and elk. Though this
disease hasn't been found in Alabama,
the near-impossibility of eliminating it from the
environment is a reason for caution.
Landowners who lease their land for hunting, or
are considering it, might find
the hunter’s perspective in this article useful.
For our North Alabama members, some reassurance that
well-managed forest is the best protection for mountain
roads. "...study shows how important it is to
prevent erosion by using best management practices and
the remarkable capacity of forests to filter sediment
from storm runoff.” See
this post for instructions on installing a
culvert to further protect your forest roads.
Perhaps we've let things get out of hand: “The CWA
[Clean Waters Act]…gave the federal government the
authority to regulate the obstruction and fill of
navigable waters. The operational term was “navigable
waters” and this meant for vessels engaged in commerce.
… Soon, “navigable” waters and rivers became tributary
streams, creeks, and even irrigation runoff ditches.
Regulatory agencies began to control the use of private
lands and waters that were merely adjacent to navigable
waters, and then ever-farther afield until it had placed
a straightjacket of regulatory control over lands that
only became wet during rainy seasons or following
“In recent years, many states have adopted a
'bright-line' or factor presence nexus standard. This
means companies with property, payroll or sales in a
particular state above certain thresholds are presumed
to have nexus in the state and are therefore
required to file income tax returns and pay tax in that
state.” JamisonMoneyFarmer’s Jennifer
Stripling adds that
the bright-line test would apply to forest land that
generates income in another state. She encourages landowners with forest land in
other states to discuss the issue with their CPA.
You might be interested in
how differently timber is taxed in the United Kingdom:
"...sale of timber is free of income tax, and forest
assets can also be used for rollover relief purposes and
as a shelter against inheritance tax."
Some sources predict an upcoming lumber supply gap for
2018 based on growth trends and a tight US housing
Chile and Brazil could fill some of the projected
Forest 2 Market notes: “Based on southern
yellow pine lumber capacity throughout the region, a
bulk of the supply gap will likely be filled by sawmills
in the US South in the near term.”
You can see
photos here of the high school students learning about
forestry at Auburn University this summer. We
announce this event each year, so if the teens you
know didn’t get a chance to participate, look out for
the announcement next spring.
"On June 26th, the
Commerce Department announced a preliminary
determination that exporters from Canada have sold
softwood lumber into the United States at a 4.59 – 7.72
percent discount from fair value." The US will impose
additional duties on Canadian softwood lumber.
"Together the new duty rates can range from 17.4 to
Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) is
offering “technical and financial assistance to
landowners” for longleaf restoration, focusing on
four main conservation actions: managing competing
vegetation; prescribed fire; planting; and easements.
The Forest Resources Association says the American Chestnut Foundation is asking anyone
working in Southern forests to be on the lookout for
flowering American chestnuts this year. Though the
species dies before reaching maturity, young stump
sprouts can still be found in the wild.
includes instructions for sending genetic samples to aid
efforts to restore this “iconic timber and wildlife
If you didn’t own timberland,
would you think that forest landowners should pay more
taxes after reading this article? Only the last few paragraphs highlight that
Current Use provisions help landowners keep timberland
out of commercial developments and that “timberland
farmers take on extraordinary risk in farming timber
that may not be harvested for decades.” If you have an
opinion about your property taxes, consider
your state lawmakers.
Unsurprisingly, researchers found that communities
are “far better at protecting the forest from fires when
they have formal land rights.”
An El Salvador-based think tank produced the study,
which followed a Guatemala community with the right to
“use, manage, and patrol” a 400,000 hectare nature
This article in The Progressive Farmer
suggests that tax reform, when passed, could eliminate a
tax deduction for a mortgage on a secondary vacation
home—except on existing mortgages. “Taken at its face
value, this suggests acting sooner rather than later if
you are considering the acquisition of a vacation
Interesting discussion on
the value of signage on your private forestland in the
event of an emergency. “Sure, you know the place
like the back of your hand. … Unfortunately, all of
your knowledge is of no help whatsoever when you are the
incapacitated person whom the emergency personnel are
attempting to locate.”
Reintroducing American Chestnuts resistant to the
chestnut blight may be more difficult than most of us
thought it would be. A root rot that affects lowland
poses problems for silviculturists.
Combined, forestry activity contributes $23 billion
annually to Alabama’s economy, accounting for 20
percent of total manufacturing jobs (both direct and
indirect) and 7 percent of the Alabama workforce,
according to the AFA.
We thought you might be interested in this newsletter
Alabama Treasure Forest Association.
"The Fifth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution secures
our right to own private property. However ...
ownership does not guarantee control of who goes on your
land." No Trespassing signs are important to law
enforcement in Alabama, too.
Sheriff Jay Jones discussed trespass with AFOA.
Some Alabama sites will see a bumper crop of longleaf
pine cones in 2017. “News of a good cone crop
usually alerts forest managers to get busy with site
preparation during the summer and nursery managers to
plan for cone collection during the fall.” This
takes time, so make your longleaf regeneration plans
"...the Atlanta Federal Reserve recently projected that
the US economy is on track to grow at an annual pace of
4.3 percent in 2Q.
Growth at this rate could play into demand for pulp and
sawtimber in the coming months. The
recently-announced US tariffs on lumber imports from
Canada may also spur demand for sawtimber logs in the US
South. However, even if demand for pine sawtimber
increases as 2017 progresses, there is still an
oversupply of large logs available on the market and
stumpage prices could remain muted.
A single specimen of
the Southeastern Bat was found
infected with White-nose Syndrome (WNS) near
Alabama's Lake Purdy. The disease has killed large
numbers of the Northern Long-Eared Bat, resulting in
that species being listed on the Threatened and
Endangered Species List.
Check our news from April 2016 for information on
how the endangered species status of the NLEB might
affect your forest management activities.
Online registration is open until June 11 for
Alabama’s annual alligator hunt. "The administrative
fee to apply for an Alligator Possession Tag is $22 and
individuals may register one time per zone.” Note: the
site experienced technical issues that have been
this site for registration instructions or to check
whether your registration was received.
In our neighboring state, a budget shortfall is
forcing the Mississippi Forestry Commission to cut 75
jobs in a statewide restructuring.
This case in Texas might be of interest to those
concerned with mineral rights and the rights of
landowners over the land underneath the surface.
This fire resistant tarp protects both your campfire
The Campfire Defender is a "portable tool that can
be used over a live fire, giving your coals hours of
The University of Maryland Extension will offer a
General Forestry Course for Fall 2017; you can take the
paper or online version of the non-credit course.
“You work from the comfort of your home...You will learn
how to protect your trees from insects, diseases and
fire; step-by-step procedures will walk you through a
forest inventory and stand analysis; and the details of
the forestry business are presented, including tax
nuances and the sale and harvest of forest products.
Register or learn more here. Source:
Wednesday Woodland Word, 5/31/17
Testing the soil of your food plot can save time and
In this brief video from the Quality Deer Management
Association, "you can learn a few things about
how to improve your sampling methods and get even more
value out of your food plots."
Budget Includes Forestry Cuts” declares the National
Association of State Foresters in its weekly newsletter.
But while some forest owners receive state and federal
assistance to manage their forestland, does someone with
100 or more acres of forestland (a considerable asset
the median savings for all US families is just $5,000)
need government assistance for forest management
activities such as tree planting and site preparation?
We suspect government agencies and industry lobbyists
are leading the “government assistance is needed”
parade, not private forest owners.
is investing $50 million to upgrade the paperboard
machine at the company’s mill in Escambia County,
following the completion of a $388 million energy
improvement project that involved two years of
a video on how to measure tree diameter to
recordings of bird calls that can help you identify
the birds on your land, an internet search can yield a
lot of practical knowledge for forest landowners.
The forestry industry is a great place to go for
dividend income. This is because REITs, real estate
investment trusts, are structured in a way that requires
them to “pay out 90% of their income out to shareholders
via dividends. The net result is that the dividend
yield of the top forest owners is often more than double
that of the average stock in the market.”
Read more about the top five dividend payers in the
One less regulation for anyone who owns a drone for
personal use: "A federal appeals court in Washington on
struck down a Federal Aviation Administration rule
requiring recreational drone owners to register their
devices with the government."
Russia will launch a new natural disaster-monitoring
satellite “equipped with an infrared camera, which
will help reveal forest fire hotbeds.”
Its sunlight reflector will make it this satellite the
brightest star in the sky. Another new fire
technology from Russia, “fast-hardening, fully
biodegradable foam for firefighting,”
is reported to work better than currently available
chemical foams, which are also toxic to plants and
Prescribed burns are valuable for a variety of
reasons, both in the West and here in Alabama. We
suspect the high cost
in this article about a prescribed burn in Arizona--$66
per acre--is the result of federal officials lack of
concern for economics, something private landowners have
to consider more carefully.
"Farmers and forest landowners often have a lot of
questions when they consider how to deal with land as
they begin the estate planning process. Who will
manage the land and pay the taxes? Will children get
along after the death of a parent? How can parents
ensure that farming children have use of the land? ...
Alabama Extension is hosting a workshop to assist
farmers and forest landowners make better informed
choices as they make plans to transfer the family farm
to the next generation."
Check the AFOA calendar to find one of these
workshops near you.
"North American forests grow enough wood for a
twenty-story skyscraper every 13 minutes." Architect
Michael Green makes the case for
the economic and environmental benefits of wooden
skyscrapers in this TED talk.
new use of drone technology could be helpful in
reducing cost and risk of fighting wildfire.
See a video of the DRONE HOPPER in action, or visit
This video from the Mississippi Forestry Association
shows how to use their smartphone app that helps
landowners know at a glance whether a pine stand needs
"Housing is up! Lumber use is up! But prices are down?"
The Forisk Consulting blog outlines
six factors that inhibit how Southern timber prices
respond to demand. Their analysis of Q2 2017 also
suggests that a tariff on softwood lumber imports
won’t affect much, due to the respective
production, capacity, and demand in both countries.
“The current federal tax structure recognizes forest
owners’ risk and their contribution to the common good,
and supports them in the stewardship of their land.
It is vital to the continued productivity of our forests
and to rural America, that as Congress cleans up the
tax code, they seek to encourage … keeping them
we consider investments in forestry (or other sectors),
we must look forward. This may require us to
adjust our thinking for probable nominal returns. When
evaluating timberland holdings, revisit key questions."
A rather interesting idea from Senator Whatley:
SB399 would ”transfer all functions of the
Department of Conservation and Natural Resources to the
Department of Agriculture and Industries, effective
October 1, 2018.”
Appalachian regional Reforestation Initiative (ARRI)
is looking to enroll northern Alabama landowners with
reclaimed mine sites in their reforestation program.
If you have a site that might qualify, you can find out
more about the program by contacting Cliff Drouet with
the Office of Surface Mining by phone (303-549-7249) or
"I have observed forestland being clearcut and
replaced with the solar panel installations."
This article from the Forest Resources Association
suggests that artificial incentives for solar power
could have unintended consequences.
Attorney Edward "Tony" Hubbard spoke about this
potential income source at the
AFOA Annual Meeting on 4/22/17. You can contact Tony
with questions about solar farms at (205) 553-5353 or
hearing the words "gas tax" again, but this time, the
plan is different.” Senator Arthur Orr (R-Decatur)
proposed a gas tax that “would allow for county
commissions to hold a county-wide referendum for
local voters to decide whether or not they would like a
five-cent gas tax to fund pre-decided road projects.
Specific projects would be presented to voters before
the election, and the increases would expire in
For more details on the bill, see this Decatur Daily
"The last thing you want is to invest your valuable time
and hard-earned money on a food plot
only to have it taken over by weeds."
In honor of Earth Day, Walter E. Williams discussed
past climate and environmental predictions that did not
“When Forever Wild buys land, it comes out of the tax
base. It hurts rural counties, like Coosa County,
the one I represent," the bill's sponsor,
State Representative Mark Tuggle, told the Montgomery
Advertiser. “It’s not meant in any way to
diminish Forever Wild. It’s an effort to make counties
really no scientific reason whatsoever not to have a
hunt,” Priddy said. “We can’t substitute politics
for science. And if we don’t approve a hunt today,
we’re really just throwing the science that we’ve
gathered out the window.” Though Alabama's bear
populations are smaller than Florida's,
we could face these issues in the future.
Trump administration is hitting Canada with stiff
tariffs of up to 24% on lumber shipped into the United
States." The tariffs target five companies in
particular: West Fraser Mills, Tolko Marketing and
Sales, J.D. Irving, Canfor Corporation, and Resolute FP
Canada. The tariffs could have an effect on demand for
stumpage in the South.
Prepare for the dry season with this
checklist from the Florida Forest Service of ways
to protect your home from wildfire. It might also be
useful for those with hunting lodges or other structures
on forest land. And if protecting your property weren’t
fighting fires can even affect your health.
Forest Research Note reminds us that many
factors affect the price you can get for the timber on
your land: "Timber prices are not stock prices.
Published stock prices are based entirely on
transactions and the published price applies to all
shares of a given stock. Some published timber prices
are based on transactions, but most are based on
surveys. Because timber is not a uniform commodity,
published timber prices cannot be applied directly to a
timber property, but can provide an indication of the
value of the timber on the property.
Stephan Tomlinson of Growing Assets, LLC, wrote in their
newsletter: "Growing Assets, LLC., has been asked to
administer a cost share program designed to encourage
private landowners in the Cumberland Plateau to plant
shortleaf pine after a harvest. Last year our firm
planted over 1,100 acres for this program and we are
signing up potential candidates for this next planting
season (winter 2018). The cost share will pay half of
the planting and site preparation expenses up to a
maximum of $110/acre and is directed at landowners in
northwest Alabama." If you are interested in this
email or call their office at (256) 383-8990 for
A seminar on the behavior of black-legged ticks (a
species that carries Lyme disease) will
be hosted at Auburn’s
School of Forestry and Wildlife
Sciences Wednesday, April 19. Read the abstract below,
which has some good news for the US South.
Abstract: In the northeastern U.S., the key vector of
Lyme disease is the nymphal life-stage of the
blacklegged tick (Ixodes scapularis). In northeastern
states there is a very strong association between the
early summer peak in nymphal host-seeking and the timing
of human Lyme disease onset. A very different pattern is
evident, however, in southeastern states. Despite robust
populations of I. scapularis in some habitats there, few
ticks that bite humans in the Southeast are I.
scapularis, and those few are almost entirely the adult
life-stage. Behavioral experiments suggest that a major
change in nymphal I. scapularis questing behavior helps
explain why human Lyme disease case reports from
southeastern states are currently two orders of
magnitude lower than in the Northeast. The potential
future consequences of southwards expansion of northern
I. scapularis populations will be discussed.
Does the federal government really need
more land? For reference, the federal government
currently owns 640 million acres of land, roughly 28% of
the country's total acreage. UPDATE:
Read a brief statement from PERC on the need to
reform the LWCF before any new lands are added to public
About 250 years ago, New Hampshire citizens rose up
against the British colonial government's punishment of
mill owners who sawed white pine marked for the use of
the Royal Navy. “Despite its scarcity among today’s
narrative of the American Revolution, the Pine Tree Riot
was a locally significant colonial uprising to take
place between the Stamp Act riots and the Boston Tea
Read the full story here.
recent warnings about drought effects, southern pine
beetle infestations have decreased dramatically in the
last decade. “Why, with over twenty times more
plantation area available for the beetles, has the
a disproportionately small number of beetle outbreaks
over the last decade or two?” Recent research
suggests that good management principles support the
trees’ natural resistance to pests.
In the latest
F&W Forestry Report, Marshall Thomas says the
number show housing starts may finally be reaching
the threshold for putting demand pressure on prices. He cautions that some other factors,
such as a large standing inventory of pine sawtimber and
differences in the size and type of houses being built,
might slow a rebound in prices. “So, maybe in the next
quarter or two, we can celebrate reaching the threshold.
Then, hopefully sometime next year, we can celebrate
some higher sawtimber prices.”
Progressive Farmer this month (page 17)
quotes Grover Norquist on three tax predictions: "death
tax (federal estate tax) will be gone... the alternative
minimum tax will be gone... the top capital gains tax
rate will be 16%." If you have opinions on these
issues, let your representatives know.
"This summer educators throughout the United States
and Canada will have the opportunity to head out into
the forest and participate in hands-on learning
through sustainable forestry Teachers' Tours." Check out
AFOA Calendar for info on the Alabama teacher's workshop,
and encourage teachers you know or in your local schools
to attend. For members in other states, the
full list of U.S. tours can be found here.
Resolute Forest Products Inc. recently announced the
successful start-up of its new tissue machine in
Calhoun, TN. This has the potential to affect the
north Alabama market in a positive way for landowners in
"Everyone who ventures outdoors should be aware of
ticks and the diseases they carry." Auburn
University researcher Emily Merritt recently answered
tick-related questions for
Great Days Outdoors,
and this top ten list includes some other
helpful tips about ticks, like bagging any ticks you
find to ID them later. We've found these
tick and chigger gaiters from Forestry Suppliers
useful for preventing bites.
“On Monday, April 3, members of the Alabama Forestry
Commission (AFC) selected Rick Oates as the new State
Forester for Alabama. His appointment was later
confirmed by Gov. Robert Bentley.”
Read more at the AFC website.
The Forest Resources Association is asking for support
for the Future Logging Careers Act, which would “allow
for sixteen and seventeen year olds in mechanized
logging operations to work in the business under
Read more and find out how to support this legislation
at the Florida Forestry Association newsletter.
Joe Mallard talks about long and short term financing
for agriculture and forest industries in
this video from the Mississippi Forestry Association.
“We work with landowners to come up with ways to
purchase property and afford rural investment.” For
Alabama contacts, you can find advertisements for
Alabama Farm Credit and Alabama Ag Credit are on page
three and six, respectively, of the
If you love aviation and the outdoors, some careers let
you do both. The Alabama Forestry Commission has an
aviation unit that spots fires as well as insect
infestations and logging violations.
This video shows a firsthand look at pilot Robert
Trimble in Baldwin County. Likewise, the
Georgia Forestry Commission employs “ten full-time
pilots and about twenty-three part-time pilots.”
Do you know anyone who'd like to learn to operate
timber harvesting equipment? The
College of Central Florida is offering a new noncredit
program to prepare students for employment in the
vital and expanding logging and timber industry in North
compass and pacing can be useful in many different
woodlot activities. A compass indicates the direction
you are headed relative to magnetic north, and pacing is
a simple means of measuring linear distance by walking.
Combining the use of a compass with pacing will help you
as you travel across country or traversing property or
stand boundaries.” H/T:
Wednesday Woodland Word.
You can get firsthand
instruction on pacing and other field skills at Dr.
Becky Barlow’s Forest Measurements for Landowners
workshop at the
AFOA 2017 Annual Meeting.
"We can use our trees and enjoy them too."
This video is a good resource if you need to explain
to friends and acquaintances why good forest management
and forest products don't interfere with wildlife and
The Boy Scout
forestry merit badge booklet and free,
downloadable worksheets can be a useful tool for
getting your young one in the forest and learning,
whether you have a scout or not. “…Scouts will explore
the remarkable complexity of a forest and identify many
species of trees and plants and the roles they play in a
forest’s life cycle. They will also discover some of
the resources forests provide to humans and come to
understand that people have a very large part to play in
sustaining the health of forests.”
Bringing back pork projects is no way to keep
government costs under control. If forest owners may
lose capital gains treatment of timber sale income and
the ability to annually deduct tree planting and other
forest management costs, there is no place in the
federal budget for new pork barrel projects. “Remind
your friends that when the government pays for it, it’s
forestry firms racing to replace paper business lost
to the internet are trying to transform their pulp
mill by-products into glue, biofuel and carbon fiber for
aircraft and wind turbines.” Meanwhile, “as
retail sales [of incontinence products] grow so does
the demand of fluff pulp, a moisture-absorbing fiber
made by such paper companies as International Paper Co.
and Domtar Corp.”
Almost 50% of the wood fiber for pellets came from
sawmill waste and forest residue after logging so
far in 2017, which represents a shift in source
material, according to a news release Wood Resources
International, LLC. However, the energy fairness
PACE reports that Europe could be rethinking their green
energy initiatives: “Meanwhile, after spending $750
billion on subsidies and doubling power bills, the European Union has decided to quietly step back from its
green energy programs."
Auburn University is offering the Forestry Field Camp
again this summer. “This hands-on camp will give
students an opportunity to get outdoors and learn about
forestry in Alabama and the importance of forestry field
measurements in making forest management decisions.”
This is a good learning opportunity for students
interested in natural resource professions as well as
the next generation of forest landowners. Listen to
Dr. Becky Barlow describe the program on
Capital Ideas—Live! in 2015, or learn more and
sign up at the Auburn website.
Economist Dr. Terry Anderson of the Property and
Environment Research Center
suggested in a recent article in
The Wall Street
Journal that a 10% excise tax on outdoor gear should
be imposed to pay for public land access and
maintenance. The AFOA sent this response to Dr. Anderson
and the Journal:
landowners already subsidize public land recreation
through our property and income taxes, adding an
excise tax on the gear that is used on private land
would just be adding insult to injury. Thousands of
our members provide outdoor recreation access to
tens of thousands of hunters, campers, hikers,
birdwatchers, ATV enthusiasts and others. We suspect
that most of the gear purchased for these outdoor
activities is never used on public land. Please
rethink your idea and re-propose.”
In his newsletter, Georgia-based consulting forester
Mike Matre presented a side-by-side comparison of
tracts planted with different seedlings and preparations.
He outlines the difference in cost per acre and lists
the differences in his site prep and planting practices
for each tract.
Funds are now available to help landowners prevent
Southern Pine Beetle (SPB) infestation. The
application deadline for these funds is Friday, March
The list of eligible activities and application
instructions are available here.
Forest owners need loggers, tree planters, road
builders, and many other "doers" to improve our forests
and harvest timber.
Mike Rowe's message on the value of work and pride
of accomplishment may help your child or grandchild find
their own place on your forest management team.
The “privilege to hunt with dogs ends when it
infringes on someone else’s property. … private
property rights have to be defended,” said Chuck Sykes,
Director of the Alabama Wildlife and Freshwater
Fisheries (WFF) Division. His comments came in support
a recent regulation that attempts to reduce trespass
from dog hunters.
Yes, baiting might be legalized soon. But with a new
fee and permit. “Alabama sportsmen could eventually
use bait legally to hunt deer and hogs if
a bill passed by the state house of representatives
becomes law. … However, the baiting privilege will
come with a price tag if the bill becomes law as
hardwood and pine trees of various ages and sizes are
dying as a direct result of the recent drought. Many
more pines are being killed due to bark beetle
infestations, also a complication associated with the
drought of last fall…Landowners are advised to
monitor their property for signs of damage.” You
should contact your consulting forester immediately if
you suspect you have damaged or infested trees.
You can see photos of some common signs of infestation
here. If you haven’t worked with a consulting
forester before, you can
for a list of consulting foresters in your county.
rights are an effective means for conserving and
recovering endangered species. If someone owns these
animals and sees some gain from their flourishing,
recovery is more likely. But if endangered species are
merely a liability and any economic incentive to protect
them is vigorously opposed, we can’t expect much better
results than the Endangered Species Act’s woeful 2%
The composite southern yellow pine lumber price has
surged since week 4 of 2017. Though there has been
no resolution to the Softwood Lumber Agreement (SLA),
the price increase is reflective of the larger market
optimism and major stock market indices that have also
soared since President Trump’s inauguration on January
20. Mild winter weather and an early arrival of Spring
in many regions has also prompted inventory building
that is a few weeks ahead of schedule.
This demonstration by the University of Kentucky
Extension Service shows how to make your own
sheets of paper using a kit they have available and
household items. A great forest products educational
activity to complete with young ones.
“Often, it makes sense to give family members
financial gifts or gifts of property while you are still
This blog post from a Texas law firm outlines an
example of how you can strategically make tax-free gifts
that help your loved ones.
Any landowners who sell timber indirectly pay
severance taxes twice. Recent interpretations of the
statute [regarding the severance tax and processing tax]
have highlighted the need to remove the ambiguities and
vagueness created by the archaic language of the law.
As such, the [Alabama Forestry] Association has drafted
changes to the statute that will hopefully clear up
the current confusion. You can view
the text of the bills at this link by doing a search
for the bills below:
- HB313- Beech-
further defines the types of forest products subject
to the forest products severance tax and the
manufacturer's forest products tax liability. In
- SB244- Albritton-
further defines the types of forest products subject
to the forest products severance tax and the
manufacturer's forest products tax liability. In
The Tennessee Department of Agriculture recently
video profile of Traci Middleton of Middleton Lumber in
Tennessee as part of a video series on women in
agriculture. Middleton talks about her love of the
forest industry and what led her to stick with the
If you know any teachers interested in the
environment and conservation, be sure to let them
know about the annual Alabama Teachers Conservation
Workshop by the Alabama Forestry Association. This four-day program gives educators of all kinds hands-on
learning, valuable classroom resources, and an in-depth
perspective on the role of forests in the environment.
AFOA is a proud sponsor of this event each year,
including a scholarship to fund one educator’s
attendance, so help us spread the word.
Learn more here, or
Do you know how big an acre is? At the
2017 AFOA Annual Meeting, Alabama Cooperative
Extension Specialist and Auburn University Associate
Becky Barlow will teach landowners key field
skills, such as how to estimate acreage or determine
the wood volume (and by extension the value) of a tree.
Culverts can prevent erosion and make driving on your
roads more pleasant, and can also facilitate movement of
fish and wildlife on your property. As drier weather
approaches, you might be thinking about installing a
culvert on your land.
This resource from Oklahoma Forestry Services gives good
tips and helpful photos on correct installation of
The Property and Environment Research Center (PERC)
announced a new program for students: "Enhancing
Environmental Quality through Property Rights and
Markets." PERC will provide a full
scholarship to cover tuition, meals, lodging, and a
stipend of $500 for each student's travel expenses.
A great program for students concerned about the
environment and who would like to explore solving
problems without command and control methods.
is a whole month of hunting opportunity in February that
many Alabama hunters miss. … Squirrel season occurs
immediately after the close of deer season, and deer
signs are still evident. It provides an opportunity
for hunters to scout and learn more about their hunting
Dr. John Goodman discusses
Health Savings Accounts (HSA) on CSPAN's Washington
Journal. HSAs may be useful to forest owners who
are working full time to manage their land.
Q1 Forisk News is available now, with
highlights including the timber price forecast, trucking
capacity and prices, timber market growth potential,
and a year-end analysis of Forisk’s 2016 forecasting.
We’re glad to announce two more speakers for the
AFOA 2017 Annual Meeting:
a professional registered landman, will describe how his
services can help you keep a handle on your mineral
rights. In addition, Auburn University Research
Engineer James Johnson will speak about the current and potential future uses of UAVs (drones) by
trees can be weakened, causing them to be more
susceptible to insects and diseases,” said Dana
Stone of the Alabama Forestry Commission in a recent
news release. Stone told AFOA that areas hit hardest
by last year's drought, including DeKalb, Cherokee,
Calhoun, and Shelby counties, are reporting the most
pine beetle infestations. But she says any landowner
north of Montgomery should be especially vigilant.
Alabama Private Forests, a Discovering
Alabama Production sponsored by the Bradley/Murphy
Forestry & Natural Resources Extension Trust, is
scheduled for statewide broadcast on
Alabama Public Television three times in April: 9 PM
Monday, April 17th, 9 PM Friday, April 21st, and 6 PM
Sunday, April 30th. The
Discovering Alabama host, Dr. Doug Phillips,
will be at the
AFOA 2017 Annual Meeting to introduce a special
showing of this segment of his long-running program.
We're pleased to announce two more speakers for
the 2017 AFOA Annual Meeting:
Joe Clark, Stumpage Forester at
Forest2Market, Inc., will talk about
realities and finding your niche market, and
Gary Lemme, Director of the
Alabama Cooperative Extension System, will present
the newest data about the impact of forestry and
agriculture on Alabama's economy.
A little background on Neil Gorsuch, nominee for
Supreme Court: His mother, Ann Gorsuch Burford, was
the first female head of the EPA. "She became known
for her efforts under Reagan for working to lessen the
clout of the federal government in the area of
environmental regulations, trying instead to devolve
authority and give the states more leeway over their own
We are happy to report all seven Alabama
representatives are members of the
Working Forests Caucus. If you live or have land
in another state,
check this list to see if your representatives are
members. Updating the tax code is one of the goals of
"An estimated 1.17 million housing units were started
in 2016—a nearly 5 percent increase over 2015—making it
the strongest year since 2007. However, there was a
continued divergence in the types of residential
buildings under construction; single-family starts were
up 9.3 percent last year, but multifamily units fell 3.1
Forest2Market analysis also predicts
what we can expect from Millennials and housing.
File this one under “If it ain’t broke…”
How to work around the EPA-mandated gas cans, “things
that work worse thanks to geniuses in the federal
For AFOA members interested in becoming more active
in politics at the national level,
the Forest Landowners Association Political Action
Committee offers some interesting opportunities.
"A story map developed by U.S. Forest Service
researchers allows users to interactively chart the ebb
and flow of forest products across the southern states...
Southern Forest Products – An Economic Engine
provides a constantly updated guide to southern timber
product outputs and the mills that process them."
Mark Thomas, Certified Wildlife Biologist and
Consulting Forester, will bring humor and expertise as
he leads a discussion on common forest and wildlife
management problems and how a variety of herbicides can
be used to solve them at the
AFOA 2017 Annual Meeting.
"The good news is that with thoughtful planning and
orchestration before the meeting, the family can
participate in effective dialogue together and produce
Ways to keep folks engaged in the family business –
including managing family land – and make family
"The optimal planting window for bareroot seedlings is
late November until mid March and containerized
seedlings can be planted from October until May."
This guide gives detailed tips for improving
planting success. Also available in
Spanish if you work with a planting crew that might
benefit from the guide.
“The simple truth is that [the estate tax] is a
particularly damaging tax policy for our members. In
many instances, this tax can lead to untimely timber
harvests or even worse, a land sale.” -
Scott Jones, Forest Landowners Association president
"'If you look at the statistics from the U.S. South,
close to two-thirds of the timber harvest is coming from
small landowners,' said Robert G. Flynn, director,
international timber, for RISI, a forest-products
This NY Times article looks at the risks and returns
of three ways to invest in forests.
Leslie Klasing, a partner at Waldrep, Stewart, &
Kendrick, LLC, has joined the roster of presenters for
2017 Annual Meeting.
Klasing will speak on timber
theft and other boundary related problems for landowners.
Read her advice for foresters on this topic here.
Additionally, AFOA member Tommy Sellers: The Man With
The Hillabee Creek Band will be playing at the Friday
to some of his music here.
a fuel tax may be on the 2017 legislative agenda, we
want to be sure lawmakers know that timber and
agriculture crops locked behind low-weight bridges and
roads are worthless. If we maintain and improve our
major highways, but neglect the maintenance of rural
roads and bridges, there will be nothing to ship on the
highways and Alabama will be poorer for the neglect.
A California sheriff is using a high tech chemical for
ag theft prevention. "The product is made up of
water and solvent-based traceable liquids. Each vial has
a unique chemical code that can be traced back to the
farmer or person who registers it through a database...Once
sprayed on ag equipment, the liquid which is invisible,
odorless, stays on a thief for up to five years without
them noticing and is picked up using an ultra-violet
light." Could this also help with logging equipment
“The U.S. International Trade Commission has ruled there is a reasonable indication that softwood lumber
imports from Canada materially injure the U.S. industry.”
This means the case for renegotiating the disputed
agreement will move forward. Bloomberg analyst
Joshua Zaret talks about what it means for US producers
in this video.
"Donald Trump said Thursday that he expects that
former Georgia Gov. Sonny Perdue, his choice to lead the
Agriculture Department, will 'deliver big results for
all Americans who earn their living off the land.'
Perdue showed little interest in pushing big programs or
signature legislation during his two terms. Instead
he focused on finding ways to save money while improving
customer service by state agencies."
The deadline to apply for financial assistance
through the 2017 Wild Pig Program with the Natural
Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) is Friday, January
Eligibility rules and payment information are available
here. You must sign the agreement in person at a
local NRCS office or fax a signed copy. Address and
contact info for each county’s office can be found by
finding your county on this map.
The Alabama Forestry Association invites young
professionals to participate in an exclusive
professional development training program. The AFA
hopes to attract participants across the whole spectrum
of the Alabama forestry community to connect with peers
and mentors, and grow professionally. Anyone
interested should apply as soon as possible to secure a
Application and more details here.
Scott Lockyear, Senior National Director, Design
and Construction Services at
introduce some of the
interesting new wood uses and new wood products (Multi-story buildings, Cross Laminated Timber (CLT),
Massive Plywood Panels, etc.) to forest landowners at
2017 Annual Meeting. The meeting will be held at the
Alabama 4-H Center (about 40 miles south of Birmingham)
on April 22. Read more about
Massive Plywood Panels and other
wood technology expected to give a boost to timber.
Beth Richardson, a Clemson University Extension
Service forester, will return as a speaker for the
2017 AFOA Annual Meeting.
Her message on
practical forest management and energy-packed delivery
have made her one of the most talked-about speakers
we’ve ever had. She has previously spoken with AFOA
the Best from your Pine Plantation” and “Improving
the Return of Your Forestry Investments."
"The possibility for permanent, positive change was
there, but appears to have been “trumped” by the
existing power structure. There will be no 'draining
of the swamp' at Interior." - Frank DuBois on the
Secretary of the Interior appointment.
"It looks as if 2017 could bring another
seismic rewrite of our federal tax system ...
This could be a year to extend your 2016 tax filing and
keep your options open."
Bareroot, LLC is pleased to announce that it has
reached an agreement with Weyerhaeuser Company to
purchase four forest seedling nurseries as well as
the Flint River Seed Orchard. These nurseries are
located in Jesup, Georgia, Washington,North Carolina,
Pine Hill, Alabama, and Shubuta, Mississippi."
“We believe the stage is set for the timber REITs to
outperform in 2017.”
Raymond James recommends timber REITs Rayonier and
Weyerhauser as strong stocks to buy in 2017. It
remains to be seen whether good news for REITs means
good news for private forest landowners, but we should
definitely be paying attention.
"Industry consumption remains strong and if US
GDP growth improves, the pulp and paper industry will
have a good year."
More predictions for global wood markets in 2017,
courtesy of Forest2Market.
“Freezing weather can have a detrimental effect on
seedling vigor and survival both in the nursery beds
and after planting.” Advice from ArborGen on
protecting your seedlings through cold weather events,
before and after planting.
Our belief that the current top-down, government
controlled wildlife management system could be
effectively replaced by rigorous trespass protection
generated some interesting discussion at the
ALDEER online forum. Our ideas were a response to an
article by Chuck Sykes, Chief of the Alabama Wildlife &
Freshwater Fisheries Division, available here. Read
our article near the bottom of page 6 of the January
Capital Ideas newsletter.
all you need to know in order to sharpen a chainsaw
Senticnel is a
tree-mounted sensor system designed to identify the
location of a forest fire, alert responders, and predict
the path of the fire using modeling software. Though
this system might not be practical yet, we think it’s an
interesting technology with promise for forest
trade-off between the benefits of sustainable
energy and the negative impacts of razing swaths of
forest has come up multiple times...in several locations
around the United States." Alabama Power issued a
call for proposals on renewable energy last fall.
Edward (Tony) Hubbard has experience negotiating
solar leases, and will be speaking on April 22 at the
AFOA annual meeting.
Marking clear property lines can help reduce
trespassing, including inadvertent timber theft by
loggers on adjacent property.
This video from UK Forestry gives practical advice on
marking your boundaries. If you need a surveyor, we
recommend contacting Jennifer Sellers with the
Society of Professional Land Surveyors to find a
qualified surveyor in your county. Reach her by email (firstname.lastname@example.org)
or phone: (251-345-0950).
Managing oil and gas development with forest resources
was a presentation by Rachael Carter at the recent
annual meeting of the Mississippi Forestry Association
that you might find useful. If you have questions about
oil and gas development on your land, you can contact
have now developed a low-cost, environmentally
friendly way to create printed materials with
rewritable paper. The rewritable paper can be
“printed” on with a stencil and ultraviolet light; it
erases when exposed to oxygen in air or ozone.”
“Congressional Republicans are planning a
massive overhaul of the nation's tax system …
The gist of the plan is to lower tax rates for just
about everyone, and make up the lost revenue by
scaling back exemptions, deductions and credits.”
Henry Barclay talked about these changes and what they
could mean for forest landowners on Capital
Ideas—Live! If this is important to you, you might
want to contribute your thoughts on the issue by
calling your Representative.
"The way you protect and handle seedlings can have a
huge impact on their survival.
Use the following guidelines to de-risk your
investment, increase survival rate and get maximum
A word of caution to rural communities about
broadband consultants. "People think consultants are
a mystical group of people who have all the answers,” he
said. “They’re selling snake oil.
They’ve found a niche for getting taxpayer money.”
subsidies are bad for taxpayers and bad for consumers.
They are a corrupt transfer of unearned wealth to
special interest groups...Heaven forbid we actually
get the government out of [our] business and simply
allow markets to work!"
Rocky Mountain Region is hiring nearly 900 temporary
positions across 17 national forests and seven
national grasslands located in Colorado, Kansas,
Nebraska, South Dakota and Wyoming." Applicants are
encouraged to begin now to complete the process in time.
"Applications for wildland fire and other early seasonal
positions will be accepted Jan. 4-11. Applications for
recreation, fisheries, wildlife, forestry, engineering,
administration and other positions will be accepted Feb.
Read more or apply here.
“Freres Lumber Co. hopes its
new-to-market, veneer-based massive plywood panels
will revolutionize construction…Designed to be an
alternative to cross-laminated timber, Freres’ massive
panels can be as much 12-feet wide, 48-feet long and
2-feet thick.” These panels are part of a larger trend.
interest in this oldest of building materials is surging
globally.” A new exhibit in Berlin previews the
possibilities of engineered wood products, with
some photos from the exhibit available here.
"Estate Tax Repeal to Get Renewed Push in New Congress."
Valuation discounts will be by-passed in new effort to
repeal the death tax. Source: National Federation of
Independent Business, 12/18/16.
"Timber harvesting will not require additional
stormwater regulation. In 2014, Congress
included in the final Farm Bill a provision that forest
roads and forest management continue to be regulated
through state BMPs (Best Management Practices) under the
Clean Water Act. The action ended litigation that began
in an Oregon district court in 2006. Congress did not
address EPA’s authority to adopt a regulatory program
for stormwater discharges but saw no need for regulatory
action." Source: West Virginia Forestry Association
eNews Weekly, 12/13/16.
Standard pump gasoline quickly deteriorates and
should not be kept over 30 days in any season. Start
each season with a fresh batch of 50:1 2–cycle fuel mix.
Read STIHL’s complete steps for prepping outdoor
power tools for winter storage.
We have highlighted this annual
Human Freedom Index a few times over the years.
For perspective, the US fell out of the top 10 list
for economic freedom for the first time in 2005, and
fell 12 spots this year to number 24. We are
concerned that interest in property rights continues to
lessen in the US.
Find your dream property: A collection of
essays to help simplify the process of finding and
purchasing rural land from Tom Brickman of Birmingham.
Scott Pruitt has been named to head the EPA.
In his statement, Pruitt said: “The American people
are tired of seeing billions of dollars drained from our
economy due to unnecessary EPA regulations, and I intend
to run this agency in a way that fosters both
responsible protection of the environment and freedom
for American businesses.”
"The development of
Prescribed Burn Associations (PBAs) is becoming an
increasingly popular approach to increase private
landowner’s ability to utilize prescribed fire."
"Hardwoods are a smaller component of wood production
and consumption in the US, but provide
diversification due to differences in end-uses and can
produce some high-value timber." Source: Forest
Forest Research Notes, Vol 13, No. 2.
PRT USA Inc. announced construction of a
containerized forest seedling nursery at the former E.A.
Hauss Nursery site north of Atmore, to be completed in
early 2017. Seedlings will be available for the
2017/18 planting season. According to its
Canada-based PRT is the largest producer of
container-grown seedlings in North America.
markets and forest management news from
Forest Management Specialists.
Landowners with large power transmission lines
joined an AFOA conference call on 11/26/16 to discuss
solar farm leasing inquiries. The inquiries are
evidently motivated by a
request for proposals by Alabama Power Company. Flat
land such as pasture land or cleared forestland seemed
to be of most interest. An attorney in the discussion
group stated that he had negotiated three options to
lease. For further reading:
additional solar leasing considerations from a Texas
Jordan Rappaport, a senior economist for the Federal
Reserve Bank of Kansas City wrote, “Looking forward,
single-family construction is likely to continue to drag
down residential investment. Single-family housing
starts peaked in March 2016 and have since sharply
declined. As building a single-family home typically
takes about six months, the recent decline in starts
will put downward pressure on single-family construction
during the third and fourth quarters. Moreover,
single-family permits, a more forward-looking and
better- measured indicator of construction, have been
running considerably below starts, suggesting that
single-family construction will remain weak in 2017.”
Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service housing market
report for Sept. 2016. Hear more from Rappaport in
his 2014 interview for our
“Ignoring the potential impacts of running heavy forest
products trucks on these access lanes can potentially
result in expensive remediation—and in unhappy
landowners, neighbors, and members of the general
public...One way to mitigate this potential is to
spread the weight over a wider area with a
temporary and portable plastic road.” An AFOA
member recently saw these successfully in use on the
Chief Ladiga trail in north Alabama east of Piedmont.
“…the loss of the International Paper mill in Courtland
dealt a severe blow to [northwest Alabama] timber
forestry consultant and AFOA member Stephan Tomlinson.
“…a port on the Tennessee River in Colbert County
would provide an inexpensive way for [northwest Alabama]
timber owners to get their product to new markets.”
“There are an estimated 10.7 million family forest
ownerships across the United States who collectively
control 36% or 290 million acres of the nation's
forestland. The US Department of Agriculture Forest
Service National Woodland Owner Survey (NWOS) provides
information on the characteristics, attitudes, and
behaviors of these ownerships.”
View the full report here by clicking "Download PDF"
listen to the podcast by clicking the blue button
"From planting and habitat to fire and production,
this fun-filled book helps children better understand
how your work helps forests."
The Society of American Foresters is offering a 28-page
coloring and activity book
in time for the holidays.
As the head of the EPA transition team, “Mr.
Ebell, who revels in taking on the scientific consensus
on global warming, will be Mr. Trump’s lead agent in
choosing personnel and setting the direction of
federal agencies that address climate change and
environmental policy more broadly.”
Listen to AFOA's conversation with Ebell on Federal Land
Acquisition in Alabama.
This video from SuperTree Seedlings shows the
process of preparing bare-root seedlings for sale,
from when they are lifted from the nursery through being
packaged for shipping out to buyers or planters.
Alabama forest owner Senator Jeff Sessions was
nominated by President-elect Donald Trump for Attorney
General, according to
this story from
View Sessions' remarks at the 2014 AFOA Annual Meeting.
A Jackson County man “has been charged with
the state’s new Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) carcass
ban for returning to Alabama with a deer
harvested in Illinois, a known CWD state…CWD is a fatal
disease affecting the central nervous system of deer.
Once introduced into the environment, it is impossible
Alabama state representative Seth Hammett said that
“prior to looking at the report, he would not have
thought Alabama would be fifth in the use of biomass,
or fuel from organic material, such as scrap lumber and
forest debris. Much of Alabama's contribution comes from
wood and wood waste from the state's forest products
industry. In fact, Alabama has the third largest
amount of timberland acreage in the lower 48 states,
according to the report."
“Gov. Robert Bentley announced a $5,000 reward for anyone who provides
information leading to the arrest and conviction of a
person who is responsible for setting wildfires…People
should report violations of the order to local law
Below are the results of November 8 local property
tax votes, where available:
Forestry 2017: the Simulation is now
available for PlayStation 4, in time for Christmas.
Players explore different facets of the forest industry,
from operating logging equipment to marketing goods and
building a successful business.
View a trailer and screenshots of the PC version here.
US South has become the most active region in the
country for the forest products industry...Primarily
because the South provides ample access to
fast-growing, quality wood fiber that is managed on
private lands and is therefore not subject to much
of the overbearing regulation that is so pervasive in
other parts of the country."
Donald Trump has officially been named the winner of
the 2016 US presidential election. The House
of Representatives and Senate remain in Republican
The Endangered Species Act defines a “threatened”
species as one that “is likely to become an endangered
species within the foreseeable future . . .”
The Ninth Circuit recently upheld a 2012 “threatened”
designation for the Beringia seal that relied heavily on
climate change models through the year 2100. We
thought this disturbing precedent raised comparisons to
the science fiction film
What constitutes the
“foreseeable future”, and do you trust computer models
to dictate laws?
Property Tax Decisions will be made by voters on
Tuesday, November 8. Tax increases will be on the
ballots in 5 Alabama counties: Sumter, Marion, Franklin,
Marshall, and Tallapoosa.
Check out page one of the November issue of
Ideas for brief descriptions and links to sample
ballots. Sample ballots for all Alabama counties are
on the Secretary of State's website at
“We recommend that even seasoned landowners hire
consulting foresters. When the landowner does well,
the forester does well, and the land is left with more
This article from the
The Progressive Farmer,
11/16, gives concrete examples and tips for landowners
on why and how to work with consulting foresters to
maximize profit from timber sales. Open our November
Capital Ideas newsletter, page 2, Classified Section, for consulting forester
for a list of consulting foresters who seek work in your
Americans understood our excellent common law tradition
of real property ownership, they might not be so
sanguine about losing their ownership rights one
right at a time."
Tax Tips for Forest Landowners for the 2016 Tax
Year by Dr. Linda Wang
available now on page four of our November newsletter
11/3/16) . You can also keep an eye on
Developments section of the National Timber Tax
Website to check for updated versions in the
“Environmentalists are increasingly confronted with
two emerging ideas about the natural world: that there
is no balance of nature, and that nature cannot be
easily separated, if at all, from human action. Many
are now embracing a new reality—known as the
“Anthropocene”—reflecting the magnitude of human
influences over the planet.” A new book of essays from
Property and Environment Research Center explores
ideas about environmental policy in light of this new
Read online or
download for Kindle.
Agroforestry integrates trees with crops and/or
livestock in a single management unit. These
practices can provide landowners with additional short
term income opportunities managed alongside their timber.
If you practice agroforestry or might be interested,
this newsletter from the Association for Temperate
Agroforestry is a free resource. You might also
listen to our past Capital Ideas--Live! interviews from
Richard Straight and
Greg Ruark on silvopasture, one type of agroforestry
"While housing starts continue to ease upward along with
lumber prices during the third quarter, prices paid
to landowners for pine sawtimber stayed flat—a
condition that is unlikely to change until hosing starts
"Unfortunately the Canadians aren’t helping us
pine sawtimber prices. Since the expiration of the
Softwood Lumber Agreement last year, imports into the
United States have risen by about 23 percent."
"The long term outlook for forestry remains good but in
the short term it will probably remain more of the same."
F&W Forestry Report, Fall 2016
Matre Forestry survey highlighted
four top sites
for researching land for sale:
Lands of America,
Land & Farm,
Landflip. He notes that Lands of America, Land and
Farm, and another site, Loopnet, are all part of the
same company. You can also find Alabama-wide listings
at the AFOA listings of land for sale in Alabama.
The slides from this month's Dinner & Discussion on
Forestry Taxes with Orman R. Wilson of
available online here.
The National Alliance of Forest Owners responded to a
"misleading" article from the NY times on biomass,
breaking down several faulty assumptions underpinning
cooperation with the burn ban may have reduced fires
slightly, but firefighters are still dealing with
a major outbreak in areas under an extreme drought."
"Over the past four decades, the U.S. has seen a
dramatic increase in the proportion of homeowners to the
U.S. population, peaking just short of 70% in the first
quarter of 2005, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.
Since then, homeownership has declined to the low 60s.
The rate of homeownership is likely to continue to
decline further into the mid-to-low 50s as changes
in demographic trends, increased regulation and stagnant
real incomes all work to make the dream of homeownership
more difficult to achieve.” Source:
Chris Whalen, senior managing director for the Kroll
Bond Rating Agency, quoted by Virginia Tech-US Forest
August 2016 Housing Commentary: Section I
"The emerald ash borer is now
confirmed in Alabama. … The USDA APHIS, the USDA
Forest Service and the Alabama Forestry Commission will
work with the Alabama Department of Agriculture to
decide on the immediate action and response of this
pest. Official statement from the Department of
Agriculture and Industries is expected soon." See also
Capital Ideas—Live! segment on the ash borer
and the status of ash trees in Alabama.
Weyerhaeuser announced plans to upgrade its softwood
lumber mill in Millport, Ala. “This investment … is
designed to improve cost competitiveness and long-term
mill viability. In addition, it will add jobs and expand
product offerings.” In addition, Two Rivers Lumber
Company will build a
state of the art sawmill in Demopolis, WSFA in
from a study led by a U.S. Forest Service scientist
suggest that more frequent use of prescribed fire
will be needed to reach common management objectives for
the hardwood forests in the southern Appalachian region."
those who want to get into the timber sector but do
not want to become too dependent on one company. ETFs
(exchange-traded funds) like WOOD are ideal for this
kind of investor. But what does the fund hold?"
“If you have a taxable estate and you want to make
larger gifts or discounted sales to your heirs,
it might make sense to do so before the end of the year.”
(Article on pages 26-27) For further reading, check out
Andy Bielbl’s strategies for both larger and smaller
"Methods other than clearcutting often find considerable
interest on private family forest as well as public
lands. There’s no better place in the South to see
this variety of successful practices than at the
Crossett Experimental Forest." You might find it
worthwhile to visit the demonstration site for a closer
look at good forest management.
a new report from the American Forest Foundation
"family landowners, who own the majority (58 percent) of
the forests in the South, are key to providing forested
habitat for at-risk species and sustainable wood
supplies for the industry...Thus it is possible to
grow and support the South’s forest-based economy and
improve habitat for wildlife at the same time by working
with family landowners." Source:
Woods to Mill Blog, Forest Resources
The Alabama Forestry Commission has issued a Fire
Danger Warning for 46 Alabama counties effective
immediately, until appreciable rainfall is received.
See the news release for more information and list
of affected counties.
We are giving away a hard copy of
Southern Pine Beetle II at our October Dinner
& Discussion meeting. The publication features
full-color photos, maps, and everything you need to know
about this destructive pest. The October 20 meeting will
be at the Boot at Brook Highland, and Rick Norris,
CPA will give a short program on forestry taxes.
See our calendar for full info.
We enjoyed this interesting
video about Wayne Sasser of Opp, Alabama, who
creates handmade white oak baskets. We encourage you
to check out past seasons of this
Absolutely Alabama video series, and let us
know if you find one that might be interesting to AFOA
members. Send suggestions to
"[Hillary Clinton] actually just decided to double
down on her destructive tax agenda by
endorsing an even bigger increase in the death tax."
"Big tree hunters from across the country scoured
backcountry wilderness, rural farmland, city centers and
even college campuses to find
64 new champions to add to the register." Check out
species without a listed national champion - maybe
you've got one on your property. Alabama's champion tree
seven new champions in 2015.
can play a vital role in supplying renewable fuel
wood energy and make the most out of the uptick in
international demand …Without continued growth of
our forest products industry to create new markets to
utilize these valuable resources, it is very likely that
forest owners across our state would be faced with
looking at alternative uses for their land.” – John
“This announcement is a call for help from the
administration and an acknowledgement that [the
Endangered Species Act] is broken … No matter who
wins the White House in November, the law’s failings
necessitate reform.” - Rob Bishop, chairman of the House
Committee on Natural Resources, calling for an end to
the “excessive litigation driving ESA-related policy
Read the full news release here.
This research from
Forisk Consulting digs deep
into costs and returns on management activities by large
Some key points form the report:
- 571 trees planted
per acre with an 87.8 percent survival rate
- 83 percent conduct
first thinnings and 71 percent also conduct second
- average age of
first thinning is 15 years with $371/acre revenue
- average age of
second thinning is 21 years with $401/acre revenue
- average age of final
harvest is 33 years, with range of 21 to 75 years, with
average clearcut revenue of $1,614/acre
Source: Report compiled
by Forisk Consulting and published by Forest Resources
Association, Technical Release 16-R-17, 8/16.
A new law in New Hampshire allows landowners to
sue for treble damages and legal fees for damage caused
by off-road vehicles or dumping. “This
bill gives courts the authority to order clean-up
and restitution to the landowner of any illegal dumping.
It’s a strong deterrent for an illegal activity that is
all too common,” said
Hampshire Timberland Owners Association executive
director Jasen Stock.
Family Business Consulting Group offers advice on
wealth continuity. "In my view, the key to successful
wealth continuity (i.e., preserving both family
relationships and family assets) lies in ensuring
that the structures created to preserve family assets
are aligned with the hopes, dreams and capacities of
Trade pact benefits our forest industry, says
Alan Shelby of the Florida Forestry Association.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service will not add the
angular dwarf crayfish, Icebox Cave beetle, Clifton Cave
beetle, and the Virgin Island coqui to the threatened
and endangered species list, the service said this
week. This decision comes after petitions from outside
organizations to list these species.
Read the news release here.
Land Handbook" provides a document to help
landowners ensure land is "smoothly and effectively
passed on to the next caretakers." Although it was
written for Wisconsin landowners, much of it will be
useful for landowners in any state.
Cultivating ginseng on your land could be a
low-investment way to bring in income.
Purdue University Extension is researching
“simulated wild grow” of the native plant. “Our interest
in ginseng kind of arises from the whole area of forest
farming and agro-forestry,” says
Lenny Farlee of Purdue Extension. “So, it’s the idea
of combining forest management with some sort of crop
that might be planted either underneath the forest or
with the trees.” Wild ginseng has fetched upwards of
$700 per pound in the past, but
be careful – you can run afoul of regulations in place
to prevent overharvesting due to high overseas
"Gov. Robert Bentley issued an executive order
Thursday declaring a state of emergency in Alabama
over concerns about fuel shortages in the wake of a
gasoline pipeline spill that released about 250,000
gallons of gasoline south of Birmingham and shut down a
major pipeline connecting refineries in Houston with the
rest of the country."
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is placing
the white fringeless orchid on the federal
threatened and endangered species list as threatened.
This plant occurs in eight Alabama counties: Calhoun,
Clay, Cleburne, Dekalb, Jackson, Marion, Tuscaloosa, and
A map of the affected counties can be viewed here.
The newly announced Alabama Master Naturalist Program
will offer a course in East Central Alabama beginning
October 13, 2016. We look forward to attending these
to learn more about the land we own and manage. Class
locations will be at Wind Creek State Park in Alexander
City and other to be determined locations. Cost of this
course is $30 per day or $200 for all 8 sessions.
Full course details as well as online registration can
be found here.
The Alabama Forestry Commission has hired Ray Metzler
to serve as a Threatened and Endangered Species
Specialist. In addition to gathering information and
providing comments to state and federal agencies, Metzler will also be a resource for landowners.
See the full news release here.
If you’re interested in turning your drone hobby into
a business, Auburn University is preparing to offer
a class on UAS (drones) that will help individuals get
certified to become Remote Pilots. Please
email Earle Thompson at email@example.com to
ask questions or express interest in this Part 107 UAS
class. If you have other questions about UAS related
to agriculture or forestry,
email Christian Brodbeck in Auburn's biosystems
In some areas of the south,
replanting with longleaf after a disaster can reduce
a plantation’s future vulnerability to hurricanes, fire,
and pine beetles. U.S. Forest Service Southern
Research Station (SRS) established the
Restoring and Managing Longleaf Pine Ecosystems unit
to help landowners interested in exploring this option.
Below are some market factors affecting your pine
Landowner upset with NPS over repairs to bridge to
Wildfire prevention cited as reason for subsidizing
use of biomass in power plants in California: “Here
is the real issue: there are 66 million dead trees in
the Sierra Nevada that need to be removed. The taxpayer
is going to pay either way."
Additional videos of the AFOA 2016 Annual Meeting
presentations are now online:
The Alabama Graphite Belt, located in western Coosa
County, was once home to significant graphite
production. Alabama Graphite Corp acquired 42,000
acres of mineral rights in 2012 and is “focused on
exploration and development.” Driving this project
the market for highly refined graphite for lithium-ion
If you own land in one of the
fifteen Alabama counties with shale formations, you
might want to consult an expert before selling mineral
rights too cheaply. “Last week, the Energy
Information Administration (EIA) released data showing
the world’s tight [shale] oil production could more than
double by 2040.” Furthermore, “the United States is
expected to contribute the vast majority of the tight
Read the full article here.
Research from South Carolina suggests that coyote
predation on deer fawns could force changes in hunting
regulations and deer management. “Deer numbers in
some areas of the Southeast have declined below the
level desired by wildlife managers,” says
an article from the Southern Research Station. A
long term study from 2012 “established predation by
coyotes as the leading cause of death of fawns and
suggested that levels of deer harvest in South Carolina
at that time were unsustainable.”
As the FWS reaches the end of its court-mandated work
the Center for Biological Diversity (CBD) is again
threatening to sue the FWS over the listing of 417
species. The Westerner points out, “These
sue and settle tactics do nothing to actually recover
species, which the FWS has accomplished for less than
two percent of the species on the endangered list.”
These listings and resulting “critical habitat”
designations can lock up forestland and greatly
restrict landowners’ options for managing their own
states including Georgia, Louisiana, Arkansas and
Alabama filed a petition in support of a landowner’s
request to have his case heard by the entire 5th U.S.
Circuit Court of Appeals. In the case of Markle vs. U.S.
Fish & Wildlife Service, the Louisiana landowner is
hoping to keep his 1500 forested acres from being
classified as “critical habitat” to the dusky gopher
frog, a species classified as endangered by the U.S.
Fish & Wildlife Service." The frog hasn't lived on
the land in question since the 1960s, and the FWS deemed
it unlikely to ever live there again.
Read more about it in an article posted here.
A Sumter County, Florida man is fighting charges
after shooting an alligator that was in his horse
and which then injured his son.
The local news station reported that some details are
unclear, but the FWC report noted that he knew a
license was required to shoot an alligator. This
story seems to suggest that a person can legally use a
firearm to protect his home against intruders, but
possibly go to jail for protecting livestock and a
person from an attacking animal.
Videos of selected presentations from AFOA's 2016
annual meeting are now available online. More will
be added soon, so check back in for helpful seminars for
landowners from experts.
“If you have been considering transferring your
family business to your heirs, now may be the time to
Proposed changes may affect the valuation discount
historically allowed for a family-controlled
corporation, partnership or limited liability company.
Hunters: Early Canada goose season runs from
September 1-15 in several states, a tool to help manage
the populations of resident geese. “The
focus of these hunts is to target resident geese.
Resident geese reside year round in areas where in large
numbers they are often considered a nuisance for the
damage they can cause.” Goose season in Alabama is
September 1-30, with a five-bird bag limit.
Full information about waterfowl hunting is here.
purchase a hunting license here, and must join the
HIP (Migratory Bird Harvest Information Program) if
you intend to hunt selected migratory birds.
County is one of 16 counties in Alabama where there have
been positive tests for the Zika virus,
according to the Alabama Department of Public Health."
On Capital Ideas--Live!,
John Phillips gave his three point system for keeping
mosquitoes away. You may also be interested in
mosquito repellent and safety information from the
"There is good reason to feel optimistic about the
economic contributions the wood energy industry has the
potential to make in Alabama and beyond,"
said Lance Brown of PACE. For example, "Wood energy
is proving to be a critical asset to British energy
security, allowing the U.K. to meet its emissions goals
and avoid over-dependence on foreign natural gas."
With sorrow, we announce the passing of forestry
leader Mike Dixon, Jr. from
brain cancer. We were pleased to have Mike as an
AFOA board member who helped us by giving us good advice
over the years. Funeral services for Mike will be held
Wednesday 8-17-16 at 2 PM at the First Baptist Church in
Alabama Forestry Association Newsroom, 8/15/16
Alabama is not the only state facing hard decisions.
budget cut of more than $3,000,000 forces the
Mississippi Forestry Commission to lay off 25 employees,
four of which are state arson investigators."
Single family houses are getting larger, but that does
not necessarily mean more lumber.
The 2016 first-quarter analysis of the housing market
by the Forest Research Group has current and historical
data on housing starts, and also some good information
about trends in lumber use in one of the biggest markets
for pine growers.
Many landowners would benefit from the upcoming
Forestry for Non-Foresters. “This course will be
especially useful for landowners and those who work with
foresters and the forest industry such as forestry
agencies, associations, forestry investment firms, real
estate investment trusts and banking institutions with
forest investments.” The two speakers also presented
a successful seminar on this topic at our annual meeting.
The meeting program and links to speaker bios can be
The portable basketball courts used for the Rio Olympics
are made of US hardwood, milled and put together
in Michigan, and painted and sealed in Tennessee. “We
were competing against companies from Europe, to U.S.,
Canada and Asia, and in the end, they chose us…in our
industry, we won a gold medal.”
This week marks the 1944 debut of America's favorite
fire prevention mascot.
Read more about Smokey's history here.
A timely reminder: If you order seedlings now,
suppliers are more likely to have what you want; if
you wait until they're needed, you might not be able to
get what you need. Contact information for some seedling
suppliers is below:
International Forest Company, 1-800-633-4506
ArborGen, LLC, 1-800-222-1280
Superior Trees, Inc., (850)971-5159
White City Nursery, (334)365-2488
Weyerhaeuser Company, 1-800-635-0162
- Pinecrest Forest
Seedling Nursery, (229)314-9445
- Blanton's Longleaf
Container Nursery, (850)973-2967
Meeks' Farms & Nursery, Inc., 1-877-809-1737
Whitfield Farms & Nursery, (912)682-4948
TerraStride Pro is an "online mapping platform"
used by real estate professionals. See how Matre
Forestry Consulting used the software to show property
boundaries and embed photos in the maps they are using
to sell 368 acres of forestland in southwest Georgia.
Click here and scroll to the bottom to look at the
Endangered Species Act Often Used for Political Purposes
Report Landowners in Georgia Study.
Webinar tomorrow, August 3, from 1 PM to 2 PM Central
Time on a mobile GIS app, Wolf GIS Apex. The
developers will go over the basics, functions, and
features of this
new smart phone app that should be of special
interest to forest landowners.
A successful model for "common sense, science-based
approach to managing forests" is the privately owned
working forest, according to Suz-Anne Kinney in her
The West's Ravaged Woodlands -- A Problem with a Proven
You don't have to negotiate a timber sale by yourself.
"Working with professional foresters and consultants
consistently brings in higher bids on timber sales...There
are many benefits that a landowner can receive by
working with professionals such as local regulation
expertise, tax advice, timber sale administration,
reforestation assistance, financial cost share
assistance, etc." Source:
National Woodland Owners Association's
Woodland Word, 7/27/16
“'For sixty years now, the sign of active fire
protection has been an airplane dropping retardant or a
helicopter dropping water,' says Stephen Pyne, a
professor of history at Arizona State University and the
author of over a dozen books on wildfire.“
This article is the best we’ve seen on the topic of the
cost and effectiveness of fighting fire with aircraft.
It argues that with any significant fire, “the effect
is a bit like spitting on a campfire.” Some call
unnecessary use of planes and helicopters to fight
wildfire “the CNN drop” because good "media optics"
reassure the public that enough is being done.
AFOA's current Hunting Insurance Liability Policy
ends at midnight on July 31. To prevent a lapse in
coverage, current users need to send renewal
applications and payments ASAP..
New users can click here for the application.
you are renewing, your renewal application should have
been received in early June. Please call our office
at 205-987-8811 if you cannot locate yours.
"Healthy forests, just like healthy human
populations, are sustained by a diversity of age classes.
Each class has a role to play in maintaining wildlife
and human communities for years to come," says
an article on
Foster Folly News from July 13,
2016. For practical information, check out the
segment on nurturing young forest with
Dr. Katie Greenberg in this
interview from 2015.
Pokemon Go and the free market: "People are walking,
and even running, some for the first time in their lives
... it took a nostalgic video game available on every
smartphone in the country to accomplish what no
government program ever really could." Source:
The Republican 2016 platform calls for big changes
to the EPA and administration of the Endangered Species
Act. The platform calls for changing the EPA from a
federal agency to a bipartisan commission to “…shift
responsibility for environmental regulation from the
federal bureaucracy to the states.” The platform also
calls for the end of the practice called
"sue-and-settle"—"in which environmental groups sue
federal agencies whose officials are complicit in the
litigation so that, with the taxpayers excluded, both
parties can reach agreement behind closed doors.”
Read more at this July 20 post from
PowerSouth CEO Gary Smith
wonders why wind companies get a pass when it
comes to killing eagles: “The favoritism and
preferential treatment given to renewable energy over
other, more reliable forms of energy – and the
government’s tendency to choose winners and losers – is
more troubling.” Read
the full article from Alabama Living Magazine
here, as well as
further reporting from the
Christian Science Monitor.
Alabama Living Magazine, July 2016
The Fifth Circuit Court in Louisiana handed down a
baffling decision recently about the dusky gopher frog:
decision [to reject the challenge to the critical
habitat designation] is remarkable because it upholds
the determination by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
(FWS) to designate areas as “critical habitat” that
are not currently habitable by the frog and have not
been shown likely to be habitable in the foreseeable
Lodges, based in Bear Creek, Alabama, makes mobile,
customizable cabins. We were impressed--photos show
lots of wood in the
March 2016 issue of
Business Alabama placed
the cabins in the larger trend of tiny homes: "Steve
Sullivan, sales director, now sees a different audience
as three or four of these 400-square-foot park models
are produced every week, covering the gamut from the
most elegantly appointed and modernized to rustic and
functional. Lil’ Lodges, too, was featured on
Tiny House Nation, with a spectacular
mini-structure built as a posh family getaway in the
Are you considering purchasing a bulldozer for your
Equipment Trader is a new marketplace that
connects buyers and sellers of used forestry machines,
attachments, components, and parts; it connects
allied service providers with potential customers; and
it connects employers with potential employees." The
service is provided in partnership by
Hatton Brown Publishers and
Southern Loggin' Times.
The F&W Forestry Report,
available here now, features second quarter
stumpage prices, a surprising move by Weyerhaeuser, the
first new pulp and paper mill in the US south since
1985, and more timber market news.
We haven’t heard of issues problems in Alabama lately
with the designation of a river under
Wild and Scenic Rivers Act, but
Pendley, President of the Mountain States Legal
Foundation, is looking for evidence that these
designations can have adverse effects for locals and
their property rights. If you have any experience
with or information about problems related to this act,
please share them with him at 303-292-2021. He can also
be reached via
contact form on the MSLF website.
The West could learn some lessons about fire from the
this article reports, but attitudes here might also
be changing as people unused to prescribed fire move
closer to forests that need it. “They want the
experience of living near nature, but they bring
attitudes of not wanting to smell cattle urine or smoke
from fires,” says Johnny Stowe, who manages fire in
South Carolina. Managing where people and wild lands
meet is an issue worldwide:
this city has imposed new rules to regulate building
near wildfire prone areas.
“It is a rich irony that it is often experts who have
exacerbated economic problems.” Forest landowners
might want to watch the growing field of behavioral
economics, which suggests that experts are needed to
guide the decisions of irrational citizens.
This article calls behavioral econ an “assault on
reason,” and we agree it’s wise to think hard
before completely turning over your rights to the
The Fort Payne City Council passed an ordinance last
week requiring permits for logging operations. “The
council [also] enacted a 2-month moratorium forbidding
the issuance of the newly required logging permits, effectively shutting down new logging projects in Fort
Payne for the next 60 days.” All Alabama landowners
should be aware of this troubling precedent.
Bringing deer parts into Alabama from
Chronic Wasting Disease-affected areas (see
this map) is now prohibited. "Body parts from
[CWD] infected animals can carry the same deadly risk to
Alabama’s deer herd as live animals ... Under this
new regulation they must take steps to debone the meat
or remove all brain tissue from their harvested deer
before returning home to Alabama."
Read the full news release from
“In enterprising families, there are many facets to
preparation: leadership, ownership, independence and
stewardship…Continuity in the family business is
dependent upon the next generation.”
This article from the Family Business Consulting Group
on how to get teens and young adults interested in the
family business might be helpful for forest landowner
expressed our misgivings about the Game Check
Program, but since game checks will be
mandatory in the 2016-17 hunting seasons, the
Game Check Seminars happening statewide can give you
the information you need to be in compliance.
Technology could offer expanded markets for Alabama
Oxford's Kronospan plant, which makes wood-based panels
and laminate flooring, is expanding, investing $362
million in a multi-phase plan which could result in
hiring another 160 to 200 employees. Cross-laminated
timber is also making advances in the US, and
this commentator expects CLT manufacturing to grow
as "research and demonstration projects fuel interest in
prefabricated engineered wood systems."
"Alabama had a great year in 2015 for new and
expanding industry with over $7 billion in new capital
investment. The forest products industry had its
best year since the recession with nearly $900 million
invested in the state, continuing a 7- year upward
trend." - Ken Muehlenfeld, Director of the Forest
Products Development Center, Alabama Department of
Read the news release from the Alabama Forestry
"A pair of 90-second animations are delivering key
messages for using softwood materials around the
WoodNatually.com, the website sponsored by the
Softwood Lumber Board targeting residential
construction markets." Watch: "Wood:
the Go-To Choice for Your Outdoor Oasis" and "Wood
Wise: Building Planet- and People-Friendly Homes."
Source: Southern Forest Products Association
“Forest owners are pleased EPA exercised its broad
discretion under the CWA by keeping management of water
quality programs at the local level through state
Best Management Practices (BMPs),” said Dave Tenny, NAFO
President and CEO.
Read the news release at the NAFO website.
Hoover City Board of Education is facing decisions
regarding Jefferson County's renewal of the ad
valorem taxes set to expire in the next few years."
Source: Shelby County Reporter, 6/15/16
"Incredible video footage shows
an air tanker dropping ten thousand gallons of water
over a tiny fire and drenching the cameraman and
a bystander." Source: Wildfire News of the Day,
"Unfortunately, certain toxic chemicals have been
found in some lakes and rivers in Alabama. Some of
these chemicals can accumulate in fish. With some of
the chemicals, higher levels of the contaminants can be
found in older and/or larger fish. When chemical
concentrations are elevated in fish, they can pose
health risks to people who eat them."
Read the full report on toxins in Alabama fish.
Obama administration is on the verge of approving
routine commercial use of small drones. The
long-anticipated rules will mean drone operators would
be able to fly without special permission." Source:
The Westerner, 6/21/16. Update, 7/5/16:
The FAA has released the final rules on the use of
small, unmanned aerial systems.
For a worthwhile read on the background and
management of shortleaf pine, check out the
Shortleaf Pine Restoration Plan released by the
Shortleaf Pine Initiative. “The Plan is intended for use
by practitioners of such disciplines as forestry,
wildlife and conservation biology, and natural resources
management, as well as policy makers in state and
federal governments, and most importantly, by the
private landowners and public lands managers whose land
management decisions are so vital to the future of
shortleaf.” According to the plan, shortleaf pine
(Pinus echinata) has the largest geographic extent of
the southern yellow pines, and commercially, shortleaf
pine was once a valued timber commodity.
Forest Finance Simplified is a solid guide to
forest investment and the financial side of forest
management, according to Steve Wilent in his article
"Net Present Value: A Business Skills Refresher" in
The Forestry Source, June 2016. “'At the end
of the day,' Mendell said at the workshop, 'the ability
to do the math about where capital is spent or allocated
responsibly and getting returns [is important because]
the research shows—and we know from experience—that when
forest owners and investors have the opportunity to
manage their resources and generate a reasonable rate of
return, they replant.'” Mendell also writes the
Aunt Fanny series on forestry for beginners.
A recently signed law in New Mexico bars the public
from walking or wading in streams that run through
private property without written permission. Source:
The Westerner, 6/16/16
AFOA member J. Hudson Hines of Beatrice, Alabama was
named "Young Forest Landowner of the Year" by the
Forest Landowners Association at their national
conference in Orlando, Florida on June 6, 2016. This
national award is given to an outstanding FLA member
under 50 years old and involved in the promotion and
sustainability of timberland.
The banning of the "hack and squirt" technique in
California shows why it’s important to keep local
and state lawmakers informed about forestry and land
Wooden high-rise buildings?
The University of British Columbia’s, 18-storey,
mass-timber Brock Commons student residence will be the
world’s tallest mass-timber building. “Brock Commons
is intended to stand as a showpiece not only for the
sustainability features of wood, but also for its
cost-competitiveness with more traditional concrete and
A 12-story building of cross laminated timber (CLT)
is set to go up in Portland, Ore. later this year. "It's going to change the way we build here in the
U.S.," said John Redfield, the chief operating
officer at D.R. Johnson, the only lumber mill in the
U.S. certified to make CLT.
Bourbon producers testified recently to the Kentucky
state legislature about the demand for white oak and
their efforts to educate landowners on management
techniques favorable for white oak. “'We need forests
the size of Rhode Island populated with white oak just
for our use,' said Jason Underwood with Sazerac, the
parent company of Buffalo Trace and Barton 1792.
Underwood said his company’s demand for white oak has
reached “crisis” proportions as Buffalo Trace and the
company’s other distilleries ramp up bourbon production
each year." Source:
City News, 6/3/16
The Economic Impact of Privately-Owned Forests in the
United States is the third update of a study
begun by the National Alliance of Forest Owners back in
Dave Tenny’s interview with AFOA back in 2013.
This video interview features Bobby Watkins, the
Mississippi Forestry Association's 2015 Tree Farmer of
the Year. "Watkins has a tree farm where multiple
use is more than a label, it’s the guiding management
principle. You’ll find beautiful pine timber,
wildflowers, wild life, and family history at Coontail
NAFO’s “A Visual Guide to Working Forests” is a
learning resource (in pdf or jpeg format) that
might be useful for teachers and home bulletin boards.
Some of particular interest are:
"When tree removal starts, people jump to the
conclusion that houses or a new Walmart is coming,"
says New Jersey forester Bob Williams. He says
this article on educating the general public about
forest management gets it right. Bob talked more
about his practice of
putting up signs near timber harvests on our May
“Most people will conduct just one (or two) sales
from an individual timber tract in their lifetimes.
Getting full market value for the timber is therefore
This primer from Forest2Market.com walks you through
the basics of selling your timber.
“…solid flooring sales have been impacted by the
overall slump in the market across the United States in
the past year and losing ground to and market share
to engineered flooring.” Source:
Woodworking Network, 5/19/16.
At a special called meeting of the Alabama Forestry
Commission on Tuesday, May 31, the Commission voted 4
to 2 to dismiss State Forester Greg Pate. Source:
AFA Newsroom, June 1, 2016.
The governor has signed
HB418, a local bill sponsored by Representative
Ralph Howard (D-Greensboro), which will allow
a referendum in Sumter County to raise property taxes by
6 mills. We assume it will be on the ballot for
general vote this fall, but will put it on the AFOA
calendar of events when we get a definite date. Source:
AFA’s From the Weeds blog, 5/26/16
Chalk one up for the black pinesnake.
of the species listed was the Black Pinesnake,
and in the second meeting, they said it could be
found in the Scotch Wildlife Management Area (WMA).
At first, they indicated they were not likely to
designate any critical habitat in Alabama, but
rather on Federal land in Mississippi.
“There had been a possible sighting in 1994 and
another in 1995, for what was believed to be a Black
Pinesnake. In 2014, they went back to sightings that
were 20 years old, even though a single snake lives
only about 11 years in the wild.
“All it takes is for someone to think they see it
and report it to your state’s agency. You don’t
have to be a herpetologist. Or have a photograph.
That becomes the 'best available science.'
“The two sightings were three and half miles apart.
From their studies of the New Jersey Pinesnake, the
snake needs at least 5,200 acres. So, based on these
two sightings and the satellite imagery, topography
and soil, they decided they might make the two
sightings into a 32,000-acre critical habitat.”
Source: Gray Skipper, Scotch Land Management Company
“…the listing of the
Black Pinesnake as a Threatened Species … was
based on insufficient scientific evidence that
was presumably gathered by individuals accessing the
WMA for their own purposes.” - Scotch Land
"Why we reached this decision."
“Citing the rising
threat of ever-stricter regulations from the Federal
Scotch Land Management Company, LLC announced today
it would remove roughly 19,000 acres of land from
the Scotch Wildlife Management Area.”
Woodland Owner Profiles developed by the Sustaining
Family Forests Initiative break down landowner data by
state and region. Some things, like landowner
demographics and the average tenure of the land, remain
remarkably similar nationwide. Some factors vary widely,
like landowner objectives and reasons for owning
forestland. Peruse the cache of information at
Dr. Jim Brauker demonstrates his
simple process for preventing poison ivy (and poison
oak and poison sumac) rashes
in this video.
"What message does this send regarding our priorities?
Timber and Agriculture are two of the most important
segments to the state’s economy. At the rate that
Medicaid and Corrections are expanding, the other
General Fund agencies will soon be completely swallowed
up. To make matters worse, the other agencies are
forced to adopt higher fees and earmarked taxes in order
to make up their reduced budget appropriations."
Source: From the Weeds, Alabama Forestry
Association, 5/24/16. Editor's Note: Agencies are not
"forced" to adopt higher fees and raise earmarked taxes.
It is the nature of agencies to almost always seek
higher funding than appropriated by the legislature. It
is the responsibility of lawmakers (appropriators) and
voters to rein in this instinct.
How bad is it?
This interactive map can zoom in to the street address
of cogongrass infestations. This "highly
invasive pest permanently alters plant and animal
communities, increases fire frequency and intensity, and
requires extensive investment to control." For
Capital Ideas--Live! in 2015, Nancy Loewenstein
her research, which proved for the first time that the
pest can be eradicated.
We liked these videos for their perspective on two
very different forestry operations in Oregon. The
first is a
drone's eye view of a cable logging operation on
federal land, a technique not often used in Alabama. The
an interview with a small-scale tree farmer many of us
can relate to, showing his old-fashioned but still
This free online workshop from FEE teaches the value of
free markets. “It is designed to be delivered by
non-economists using interactive, hands-on activities
and guided discussions … Our expertise is teaching
students how freedom matters to their lives and the
lives of all.”
“Once in the environment,
Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) prions may remain
infectious for many years.” If you lease your land for
hunting or hunt on it yourself, CWD, which affects deer
species, is a threat to keep an eye on. We were glad to
this map from the USGS, which shows Alabama and its
neighbors free of Chronic Wasting Disease. More
info from the
USGS National Wildlife Health Center here.
Subdividing, selling and developing land is the sad
result forced on many landowners by this country’s
laws and regulations that have unintended adverse
environmental consequences.- Source: The Daily Caller,
Read the full article here. Additional
Panel discussion on family-owned forestland at the
AFOA Annual Meeting, led by Joe Hopkins, quoted in the
“A lot of times it’s a result of dragging trailer
chains, dragging exhaust systems, pulling over and
parking on high grass. Either that or poorly
maintained vehicles.” - Dolores Garcia, fire mitigation
and fire communication specialist.
Read the full article for other less known hazards and
The Alabama Teachers Conservation Workshop (TCW) will
be held July 11-14, 2016 at Auburn University. The
TCW program focuses on forest ecology, management, and
products through guest speakers, field trips, and
hands-on activities. Please spread the word about this
outstanding workshop and encourage teachers in your
area schools to attend. If you are interested in
financially supporting this effort,
email Ashley Smith.
Click here to learn more or register for the event.
"...the housing sector remains a welcome support to an
otherwise fragile economy; however, unlike the run-up
leading into the Great Recession, the housing market
will no longer be the driver of the economy with a
positive but limited contribution." - Lindsey
Piegza, Chief Economist, Stifel Fixed Income. Read the
March 2016 housing commentary here, and get
past commentaries along with a new economic conditions
report here. Both reports contain in-depth housing
data, useful for market-minded forest landowners.
The new monthly Driptorch Digest newsletter
from SERPPAS Prescribed Fire Work Group offers
current relevant news stories; articles and online
resources of interest; training, webinar, workshop and
conference listings; and more. It should be useful to
any landowner or professional with an interest in
Click here to read and subscribe.
"AFA supports sufficient funding for rural
infrastructure, specifically, the repair/replacement of
the approximate 1,000 bridges that are posted. HOWEVER, AFA further believes that adequate funding
would exist for this purpose if existing fuel tax
revenues are allocated fairly between ALDOT and the
counties. Currently, 99% of the tax on diesel fuel is
directed to ALDOT, while the current tax on gasoline is
distributed 55% to ALDOT and 45% to the counties. AFA
supports allocating the existing diesel tax in a similar
fashion to that of the gasoline tax."
Read the AFA's full position on the fuel tax here.
We found this relevant in light of yesterday’s article
about Tata Steel and
green energy in the UK: “The main driver for wood
pellet demand is the European Commission’s 2020 climate
and energy plan… The United Kingdom is far and away
the primary destination for wood pellets from North
America.” We spotted this on page seven of
F&W Forestry’s newsletter, available online here.
Read through for more good articles on tree planting
numbers, housing starts, and timber markets.
If you sell to the export pellet market, it might be
a good idea to watch that market carefully.
Tata Steel has announced an immediate withdrawal from
Britain, threatening 4000 steel working jobs, and
40,000 jobs in dependent industries. The main reason
given for abandoning Britain, is the high price Tata is
forced to pay for energy, thanks to Britain’s green
"Katrenia Pruitt Kier of Huntsville and Robert N.
Turner of Sulligent, the two newest appointments by
Governor Robert Bentley to the Alabama Forestry
Commission (AFC), began their five-year terms by
attending their first Commission meeting on April 19."
Read the news release here.
Both the Property and Environmental Research Center
(PERC) and the American Land Rights Association (ALRA)
call for stopping the continued conversion of private
lands to the federal estate under a permanently
funded Land and Water Conservation Fund.
An ALRA newsletter tells what to say to your Congressman.
PERC describes why, “Without reform, the LWCF
should be terminated.” Update: The
was barely defeated 212 to 205. Rep.
Terri Sewell is the Alabama representative we spotted
who voted "Yes" in favor of permanent funding of the
American Land Rights Association, June 1, 2016
The Land Show covers Alabama rural land issues on
the radio (times
and stations here) or
on your device with podcasts. One topic in
this episode covers how European mills in Live Oak, FL
might affect Alabama Timber Markets. Segment
starts at 20:40. Listeners can also
email questions to the show to be answered on air.
International Paper (IP) announced an agreement to
purchase Weyerhaeuser's pulp business. "IP said
it expects to save about $175 million annually in
"synergies" — business lingo often used to refer to cost
cuts, revenue improvements and savings from combined
out-of-control logs flew over the landowner and rested
across the partially loaded log trailer." A reminder
that it's a good idea to take precautions and make sure
you are seen when visiting logging sites.
We're not sure if
SB416 - allowing the use of purple paint on trees to
mark property lines and boundaries as a conspicuous
notice against trespassing - is a good idea or not. Be
sure to let
Senator Melson and
your House member know what you think.
If your property lines are already painted bright
white, blue, or something other than purple, will
trespassing loggers and hunters be allowed to ignore
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service announced it will not
designate “critical habitat” for the “threatened”
Northern Long-Eared Bat. According to the
Forest Resources Association's Neil Ward, the
announcement is generally favorable, but "for landowners
attempting to perform due diligence on project areas,
the decision may reduce the availability of FWS
resources in identifying hibernacula when planning
harvest or management projects."
Read the FWS explanation of the decision here.
Alabama is home to 23.1 million acres of forest land.
The number of live trees on Alabama’s forest land in
2014 is estimated at 17.0 billion trees, an increase of
2.0 percent from 2013.
Read the full report from the USDA.
To "ensure that affordable wood supplies remain
available on the market," the "forest products
industry needs to revitalize mutually beneficial
landowner assistance programs,"
blogs Consultant Fred Souba, with ProVision Forestry,
LLC, in Forest2Market's April newsletter. He
suggests more commercial support for small landowners
will “foster a stronger forest industry.”
I don't have to leave the truck cabin." Could
these VR goggles save money and lives in the
Privately-owned housing starts in March were at a
seasonally adjusted annual rate of 1,089,000. This
is 8.8 percent below the revised February estimate of
1,194,000, but is 14.2 percent above the March 2015
rate of 954,000. Single-family housing starts in
March were at a rate of 764,000; this is 9.2 percent
below the revised February figure of 841,000. The March
rate for units in buildings with five units or more was
Read the full report.
Florida officials are planning second bear hunt
after last year’s successful hunt, the first in many
years. Bear numbers are increasing in that state.
Georgia has established
bear hunting season dates. We are keeping an eye on
neighboring states, with the possibility that Alabama’s
might be increasing.
On April 5,
Verso Corporation announced the closure of its
Wickliffe, Kentucky coated paper mill, which had
been idle since November 2015, “the result of a
continuing and accelerated decline in demand for the
company’s coated paper products and a significant influx
of imports driven by the strength of the U.S. dollar.”
From a healthier stand to better return on
investment, thinning forestland can yield many benefits.
This page from the University of Florida will tell
you everything you need to know about thinning your
stand before maturity.
"If the forces behind this show-us-your-papers subpoena
punishing (or simply inflicting prolonged legal
harassment on) groups conducting supposedly wrongful
advocacy, there’s every reason to think they will
come after other advocacy groups later. Like yours."
"If pulp prices fall, older, high-cost producers,
mainly in the northern hemisphere, may go out of
business, reducing any excess capacity. In the long
run, demand for tissue can only grow."
Click here for the full article about Brazil's
fast-growing eucalyptus plantations in a weak
national economy, and what it could mean for the global
Oregon purchases an
insurance policy to reduce costs of extreme wildfire
season. The policy covers private landowners as
help the state pay for the premium as part of their
those relatively permanent, standing or continuously
flowing bodies of water ‘forming geographic
features’ that are described in ordinary parlance as
‘streams,’ ‘oceans, rivers, [and] lakes.’” Could a
more specific definition of waters of the United States
curb property rights infringement by the Army Corps
This might help you get ready to talk with your tax
professional, especially if you sold timber last
year, or are thinking about selling timber this year.
Possible changes to the state’s dog deer hunting
regulations may affect you.
Click here for the full details from Outdoor Alabama.
House and Senate both voted to override the Governor’s
veto on the General Fund budget on Tuesday.
now recognizes alternate paths to certification. But it
must be remembered that
Certified Tree Farms,
now all recognized by LEED, still only account for a
small fraction of the wood grown in Alabama and the rest
of the U.S. Most forestland is "self-certified" as
“private forestland managed in the best interests of the
owners’ families and their forested acres.” Organizations, private or government, who bias their
wood purchases in favor of certification schemes
negatively impact the vast majority of American private
forest owners and the forests they manage.
to the fuel tax increase maintain that there is
plenty of opportunity to cut the size of government to
address the critical need for infrastructure…without
having to raise taxes."
“Here’s to a fully loaded truck leaving our landowners’
forest heading on a county road to the mill!” We are
following with interest a Tennessee bill that would require a 2/3 vote of a County Commission before a
county road could be posted at a lower weight limit than
normal state highway weight limits. “TFA believes
this bill will alleviate the arbitrary decision making
powers in certain counties.” UPDATE:
This bill has been sent to the Tennessee governor for
Check this map from the Forestry Commission to
determine whether or not your property is in the
habitat range of the protected Northern Long-Eared Bat.
It also notes which counties have documented cases of
White Nose Syndrome, and the article lays out the
Endangered Species Act rules for landowners in areas
where the bat lives.
John Lancaster and Wilson Lowe were presented cash
awards on March 30, 2015 from the Alabama Forest
Owners' Association Educational Fund at the
University School of Forestry & Wildlife Sciences'
Student Awards Ceremony. John and Wilson were selected
by an AFOA committee led by Dr. Emmett Thompson, former
Dean of the School and a forest landowner. Award
applicants were required to submit course transcripts
and an essay reflecting their appreciation for the
profession of consulting forestry. These awards
totaled $2,500 and are given with the goal of improving
the availability of quality forestry services to forest
America's First Forest: Carl Schenck and the
Asheville Experiment will air Thursday, April 7 at
9:00 pm on Alabama Public television. Based on Schenck’s
memoir, the program examines the pivotal role played by
pioneering forestry educator Carl Schenck and his
founding of America's first school of forestry—the
Biltmore Forest School.
Click here for more info and additional air dates.
Our deepest sympathy and prayers to the family of
Dr. Robert Parker, who passed away from injuries
received in a prescribed burning accident on his
forestland last week.
Forestry 2017: The Simulation is available for
PC today, March 25, with console versions coming later.
Players will “use first- or third-person views to
operate heavy machinery, process the wood in a sawmill,
and then afterwards market the goods.” AFOA will give
one copy away at the end of the
annual meeting in April (must sign up and be present
to win) and tentatively plans to have the game running
on a PC during the meeting.
The role that forests play in the water cycle is widely
known and celebrated. Yet, many are unaware of the
contributions of forest product markets in the
Read the full article.
A bi-partisan group in the US House of Representatives
launched the Working Forests Caucus to “create
awareness and facilitate discussions on America’s
private-owned working forests.”
See the letter from the co-chairs to their colleagues,
and consider reaching out to your Members to encourage
them to join the Caucus.
Find your representative here.
Biologists have determined [four] species found
in the southeastern United States do not require further
review for federal protection at this time. The
Southern Dusky Salamander is found statewide, so its
listing would have potentially affected many Alabama
Some partial scholarships are still available for
Forestry Field Camp, now in its third year. For more
listen to our interview with Dr. Becky Barlow about the
program on Capital Ideas—Live! last March
Representative Mac McCutcheon (R- Madison)
introduced the second bill of a two bill package that
will result in
an increase in taxes on gasoline and diesel fuel of six
cents per gallon. Source: AFA blog, 3/17/16
If you want a food plot on your land, you might
need chainsaws instead of tractors. “Savvy deer managers
know that planted food plots are nice, but native
vegetation is necessary part of the deer property
Click here for the full article. Source: Wednesday
National Woodland Owners Association, 3/16/16
for Economic Education is offering a full
scholarship to its economic seminars for students
(ages 14-26) who apply by this Friday, March 18."Economic
thinking gives you an advantage in life. You’ll be
better equipped to make decisions, take advantage of
emerging opportunities, and gain a clearer view of the
world around you."
Use tuition scholarship code FEE2016 when you apply
to take advantage of this opportunity.
The AFA remains opposed to a proposed fuel tax increase
until it is clear that some of the funds will go to
roads and bridges. It also opposes a 5-mill property
tax increase (SB136) supported by 7 state senators,
including Trip Pittman (R-Montrose), who,
only a few weeks ago, tested the water for possible
legislation that would increase property taxes on
forestland. From the Weeds
lists the six senators who opposed the 5-mill tax
You can find their phone numbers here to thank them
directly for their continuing support in opposing the
property tax increase. Source: From the Weeds
Property and Environment Research Center is
accepting applications for three educational programs
for students and business people:
- The Undergraduate
and Graduate Colloquium will introduce students
to a property rights and market approach to
environmental issues. A scholarship covers tuition
and lodging, and a travel stipend is included.
Information and application here.
- The Summer
Graduate Fellows program offers a mentored
research experience for students who have a
well-defined natural resources or environmental
economics topic. This opportunity includes a monthly
- The Enviropreneur
Institute offers in-depth training for
entrepreneurs to take their environmental business
or solution to the next level.
Success stories and application here.
Forest landowners in the Birmingham area: learn
how hunting regulations are developed and turned into state laws that can directly affect enjoyment and income
of private landowners who lease hunting rights. The
Alabama Conservation Advisory Board (CAB) will meet
Saturday, March 26, in Pelham, AL.
Click here for full meeting information.
If you are leasing land for turkey hunting, it
might be a good idea to coordinate with your hunters
before you visit in the morning during turkey hunting
season. Even if you're not leasing it, be sure to wear
bright colors in the woods for safety.
Click here for official turkey season dates.
"The South’s forests are so productive that,
while they makeup only 2 percent of the global forest
cover, they produce 12 percent of the world’s industrial
roundwood and 19 percent of its pulp and paper
products—greater production than that of any other
This data-rich slideshow from the Southern Forest
Products Industry includes graphics and interactive
maps for large or small scale perspectives on the
If your forestland property tax exceeds $2/acre, you
could benefit from current use property tax assessment,
available in all counties.
Click here for more information and an application.
"If you are contemplating selling stands with
hardwood sawtimber, this is the time before the
prices plateau or even fall. Any tract with merchantable
timber that can be harvested during wet weather should
do well relative to wet tracts with similar timber."
Newsletter of Forest Management Specialists, Inc., Vol.
3, Iss. 2. Other topics include: Timber market
update; like-Kind exchanges; forest-use trends; pricing
Alabama's roads received a grade of D+, and its bridges
received a C- from the American Society of Civil
Engineers in 2015.According
to NFIB, this puts the state's businesses at a
competitive disadvantage. Would
the gas tax increase being considered fix the
Is it time to move forestry law enforcement back home to
the Alabama Forestry Commission from
This new app is a pocket guide to the native plants
of North Georgia. Plants are searchable by bloom
time, common name or scientific name and feature
descriptions with color photos. Available on
Google Play and the
App Store. Source:
SREF Annual Report, 2014-2015
Planters can inadvertently damage tree seedlings
by cutting the roots for easier planting.
More about the proper handling of seedlings here.
Property tax and timber
severance tax increase proposals:
Senator Trip Pittman (a Republican from Daphne), is
exploring legislation that would almost double the
forestland property tax (now 10 cents/acre, proposed 19
cents/acre). The tax would be called an “assessment” to
avoid the “burdensome” necessity of requiring a vote of
the people to raise the tax.
Senate bill SB24 (full text here), which
remove sales tax on farm equipment and machinery,
may be helpful for forest landowners. If it might
affect you, take action:
contact the bill's sponsor, Tom Whatley, to voice
your opinion, get more info, or suggest changes.
We suspect there may be some critical information hidden in the US Fish & Wildlife Services’s 2/11/16
to the Regulations for Designating Critical Habitat”
Policy on Exclusions from Critical Habitat.” Many
private landowners equate the designation of critical
habitat as nothing more than a
federal seizure of private land, as was done in
southwest Alabama with the designation of critical
habitat for the black pine snake. If you consider
yourself “informed” on the ESA, please
email us (firstname.lastname@example.org) if there is anything
noteworthy buried in these two announcements.
With spring storms arriving, these links on dealing
with timber losses might be useful for you or
someone you know.
Mississippi Forestry Commission released Mississippi
Trees, a free Tree ID app available on
Google Play and the
App Store. Based on their popular handbook, the app
has photos and information for both native and
non-native species, searchable by common name,
scientific name, or family group.
One solution to the problem of poor cell phone coverage
in remote locations, via
Forest Operations Review.
A bill that would allow hunters to use bait to hunt
white-tail deer and feral swine passed in the
Alabama House of Representatives on Thursday.
Read the full text of the bill here. Source:
reforms would enable parks to become more
self-sufficient and less reliant on Congress for annual
appropriations." Proposed reforms begin with "Stop
acquiring more land for the park system and start
prioritizing the care and maintenance of existing
and Environment Research Center, 2/16/16
Strong local resistance to a proposed expansion of a New
Hampshire wildlife refuge calls to mind similar
circumstances around the
Cahaba River in 2010. It is vital for landowners to
stay informed in these situations.
This video series from the Alabama Forestry Commission
features the 2016 winners of the
Treasure Forests Helene Mosley Award talking
about their land and how they approach stewardship.
Tax changes related to property and roads will be on
the ballot in five Alabama counties on March 1.
Click the county name to view the sample ballot.
BALDWIN: 1 mill, 30 years; 3 mills, 30 years
BARBOUR: 2 mills – no end date specified on
CHOCTAW: ½ mill, 30 years
FRANKLIN: ¼ cent sales tax from schools to
be moved to roads (ATRIP)
– to be continued with elections every 2 years
RUSSELL: $50/residence and $100/business for
volunteer fire protection outside city limits of
Rural county roads and bridges are vital to the
income of forest landowners and farmers, and they
need your support.
Click here to read more.
2016 VOTER REGISTRATION DEADLINES:
- February 12, 2016 -
Hand-delivery to county Board of Registrars
- February 13, 2016-
- February 15, 2016 -
here to register online)
Recent headlines about the biomass market from the
Society of American Foresters:
"With the real unemployment rate in the U.S. at 10.3%
(16 million individuals unemployed, stopped locking, or
work part-time) and household income growth nonexistent
or negative, it's hard to envision a scenario where
the U.S. housing market returns to "normal" anytime soon."
Read Virginia Tech's December 2015 Housing Commentary
Cam Ward (R- Alabaster) introduced SB15 to
un-earmark approximately $400 million in taxes to direct
them to the General Fund as opposed to specific state
agencies. Included in his bill is the Forest Products
Severance Tax and the Forest Product Processor’s
Privilege Tax. These taxes amounted to $5.865
million in FY15 and had previously been directed to the
Alabama Forestry Commission. AFC’s total budget for FY15
was $22.4 million which included the $5.865 earmarked
tax and also a $8.757 million General Fund
Appropriation. AFC’s budget for FY16 (the current year)
is $25.2 million which includes a $7.042 million General
Fund Appropriation. Potentially losing the earmark for
AFC will have a dramatic effect on services provided to
Alabama’s timberland owners. Additionally, by
removing the earmark, the bill also removes the
statutory requirement that AFC must use 85% of the
severance tax for fire protection." Source: From
the Weeds blog. We wonder if the severance tax on
timber would have passed had the funds not been
earmarked for fire protection? Is it time to repeal
the timber severance tax? AFOA members will be
Alabama Agribusiness Council's Legislative Reception at
5 PM tonight. (see AFOA
This Agroforestry Handbook is a good starting place
if you want to know more about the principles of
agroforestry and how they can work for you. Source:
Tuskegee University, 1890 Agroforestry Consortium,
"The Forest Landowners Association Awards recognize
outstanding landowners and forestry professionals
contributing to the stewardship and sustainability of
private forests – and protecting the rights of the
families who own them …Think of private forest
landowners who set an example in the landowner community
nominate your peers for the recognition they deserve.
A new Senate bill will
set forest biomass on equal footing with other
bioenergy sources. The amendment directs federal
agencies to establish policies that:
- Reflect the carbon
neutrality of forest bioenergy;
- Recognize biomass as
a renewable energy source;
- Encourage private
investment throughout the biomass supply chain,
- Encourage forest
management to improve forest health; and
- Recognize state
initiatives to use biomass.
An update of Linda Wang's Tax Tips for Forest Landowners
is now online. The second page contains an important change on Depreciation and Sec. 179 Expensing.
Compare to the original version at
page four of the November issue of our newsletter.
"In productive, heavily-forested areas, does the land
itself suffer long-term due to repeated tree
Forest2Market looks at the effects of biomass
harvesting and soil quality.
In a March 2012
interview with AFOA, Dr. Becky Barlow suggests you ask,
can negative effects of pine straw harvesting be
It's important to have the support of local law
enforcement to prevent and control illegal dumping
conference may help. PALS asks: "Please contact
your local law enforcement agencies and encourage them
to send a representative from their agency."
Five key factors can
affect the price you get for your timber (stumpage).
It's good information to consider when buying land as
well. Source: Forest2Market blog, 1/12/16
Alabama Conservation Advisory Board (CAB) assists in
shaping Alabama’s natural resources policies and
regulations, including hunting seasons and bag
limits that can affect hunting leases. Citizens
can address the CAB at their meeting on Saturday,
February 20, in Montgomery. Registration begins at 8:00
a.m., and those who wish to speak should bring 16 copies
of any printed materials they wish to share with the
Get full meeting details here, or view a
map of CAB districts and representatives here.
Speaking today to the Alabama Forestry Council in
Millbrook, Alabama, Oscar Berry, Deputy District
Director for Congresswoman
Terri Sewell (D, AL 7) reassured Council members
Sewell continues her support for important forestry tax
provisions. AFOA board member
Henry Barclay, III, CPA, described the importance of
the provisions in the
1/20/16 issue of
Capital Ideas - Live!
"Republicans on Thursday moved a bill to the brink of
Senate passage that would overhaul Wisconsin's managed
forest land program." Wisconsin forest owners
struggle with confiscatory taxes, state intrusion in
their management activities, and rules that force them
to allow trespass on their land. We hope that
doesn't happen here. Source: Journal Sentinel Online,
"Despite slower growth in China’s overall economy,
the nation’s high timber deficit will sustain growth
in its already high import volumes of wood fiber."
Read the full article at RISI, Inc.
The law allows landowners to deduct from their income
tax return up to $10,000 in reforestation
expenditures per tax year, per qualified timber
property. Note that you are allowed more than one
qualified property. We strongly advise you to consult
your tax advisor about what constitutes a "qualified
“Bernie Sanders' Socialized Healthcare Plan Would Double
The Death Tax.” Source: Forbes, 1/18/16
If you're thinking of warmer days, check out some of our
state's natural beauty in
this slideshow featuring 50 Butterflies of Alabama.
How do you determine the age of a tree? Just
count the rings, of course! One ring equals one year of
growth. But if you're counting rings on a stump, the
life of that tree is over. So how do you count those
rings while the tree is alive? Foresters use a special
tool called an "increment borer".
Read more and listen to the audio segment here. You
can buy this tool from
Ben Meadows or
Forestry Suppliers. Thanks to the Wednesday Woodland
Word (Volume 4 Number 2) for this story.
The U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service published its
Final Rule concerning the threatened Northern
Long-Eared Bat, found in north Alabama. One notable
change from the Interim Final Rule reduces the protected
radius from 1/4 mile to 150 feet around “known, occupied
maternity roost trees” during the June 1-July 31 pup
Read more at the FWS website.
Ballotpedia has sourced
information about each of the candidates for the
upcoming March 1 primary for US Senator in Alabama.
Links to the candidate's campaign site can be found in
the "External Links" section on each page.
This article suggests that forestland might soon be
facing an ownership crisis, but savvy commenters
disagree. A 2014 age survey of AFOA membership
reveals 78% of members are age 60 or older, but we are
not convinced this is either new or a source of worry.
Source: American Public Media’s Marketplace,
1/11/16. Editor’s Note: For as long as I can
remember, typical hair color for forest landowners has
"The Southeast accounted for a little over 8 million
acres [68%] of the total activity and continues to
lead the nation in all categories of prescribed fire
2015 Prescribed Fire Use Survey Report, National
Association of State Foresters
The Big Short attempts to describe the cause of The
Great Recession (and the crash of sawtimber stumpage
markets), but the movie leaves out the role of
government in creating the housing bubble that led to
The House That Uncle Sam Built by Steven Horwitz &
Peter Boettke provides background information not
included in the film. On a related note, Virginia Tech's
Housing Report for November 2015 is
out and mostly positive; see slide 6 for a useful
recent listing of the Black Pine Snake is the
first time I know of where a landowner must get approval
from the US Fish & Wildlife Service to change land use
(e.g. longleaf to loblolly, or longleaf to agriculture
or pasture)." Tune in to
Capital Ideas - Live! on January 20 to hear more
from Keville Larson, quoted above, about how the
Endangered Species Act could affect you. For additional
Q & A from the USFWS - scroll down to the last
paragraph of Q5.
In light of events in Oregon, we suspect the
2010 resistance to a government land grab in Bibb
County and neighboring counties was justified. Does
it surprise you when private landowners are not excited
to have the federal government as a neighbor?
Source: National Review, January 2016.
is betting that the sharing economy can cut costs
for the agriculture industry. Could the Uber and
Airbnb model work for forestry equipment? Source: Progressive Farmer,
Tennessee landowners and loggers have the same problems
Alabama does when it comes to low weight limits on
See how Tennessee is handling the issue on page two of
the Tennessee Forestry Association's newsletter.
"...increasing overall profit on timber sales is only
one of several benefits that a landowner should
consider when contemplating hiring a consulting forester
to help manage their land. Consulting foresters also
provide other valuable services that improve the quality
of the timber and, therefore, the overall value of the
Read the full article here.
Although black bears are not common in Alabama,
present in some areas. Remember that they are not
harmless cuddly teddy bears, as
this incident in New Jersey reminds us.
"It is time to admit the Endangered Species Act’s
penalty-based approach is a mistake, end this
country’s senseless 42-year war on its most vulnerable
species and chart a new, successful course for
endangered species conservation based on a new approach
that has been around for a long time."
It's too easy to grow trees for 30 years, only to make
disastrous choices at the end.
Watch this video from the University of Kentucky if
you're thinking of making a timber sale.
Some take-aways from last week's "omnibus" funding
"I think it is completely indefensible that the
federal government is America's largest landlord,"
Cruz said in
this video at The Westerner.
you might like this newsletter from the
Southern Christmas Tree Association. Note the ads in
the newsletter for equipment and supplies you may need
if you decide to grow Christmas trees.
According to the American Land Rights Association
"The Land and Water Conservation Fund is the enemy of
rural America, ranching, farming and private land
ownership." ALRA would like you to "Call your
Congressman to oppose reauthorization of the Land and
Water Conservation Fund as a permanent Trust Fund. Call
any Congressman at (202) 225-3121."
recent email for details.
“After you have harvested several deer from your
ground blind, you might wonder why you don’t hunt
this way more often.” One hunter says ground blinds
offer safety, concealment, and ease of set-up.
Read the full story at
Georgia Forestry Today, page 27.
“Landowners may face different types of eminent
domain situations with local utility companies or
government agencies [called the “condemning authority”]
that will take private land for public use [think
power lines or pipelines], with payment or
compensation.” Here are tips to consider if you
find yourself in this situation (Source:
Georgia Forestry Today, p. 14):
- How did the
condemning authority arrive at its offer amount?
Request a written summary of the appraiser’s
- Request a drawing or
map identifying the land being acquired. Is the
location of the land being acquired established or
is the location subject to change?
- Is the land going to
be owned by the condemning authority, or is it
acquiring a permanent easement and/or temporary
- What use limitations
will the landowner be subject to with regard to the
land being acquired?
- Did the landowner
have any plans to use his/her land for any
particular purpose?If so, will the acquisition
impact the future planned use?
- What impact will the
loss of land have on the value of the remaining
- If the land being
acquired does not abut a public road, how will the
condemning authority gain access to the land being
acquired, and is the landowner being compensated for
that access right?
- Most of all, contact
an attorney and a local appraiser with expertise in
condemnation law. This is a complicated area of the
law with many pitfalls for the unwary landowner.
If a gas tax increase is enacted, we hope rural
roads and bridges will get a fair proportion of the new
Hear an interview with DOT director John Cooper
about ATRIP, rural roads and bridges, and how this
affects you as a landowner.
Seedlings need to experience cold weather acclimation
to withstand freezing and below-freezing temperatures,
says an alert from the
Southern Forest Nursery Management Co-op. Warm days
and nights before a freeze can compromise dormancy,
especially in pine seedlings. Take special care with
your seedlings this winter, and
learn more about how to protect them with tips from
Message to Lawmakers and Government Procurement
Officials buying lumber and other construction
materials made from wood: Buy the best quality
products at the lowest possible prices. We have been
watching various “certification schemes” pressuring
government agencies and lawmakers to reject lumber and
other forest products not blessed by their particular
organization. Please ignore emotional pleas from
Forest Stewardship Council,
Sustainable Forestry Initiative,
American Tree Farm System, and others.
best quality wood product at the lowest possible price,
whether “certified” by one of these schemes or not.
The Agriculture and Rural Crime Unit (ARCU)
currently has 12 agents assigned throughout the state.
Click here for a map of agent location and contact
information. The stats listed below are for FY2015
ARCU (the timber cases only include Jan-Oct 2015, after
consolidation with Alabama Forestry Commission’s law
enforcement personnel). Editor’s note: If you called
ARCU to report a timber theft in the past 11 months,
were you satisfied with their handling of your problem?
Write to AFOA at
- Cases: Total 277
- Property Crimes
Cases – 200
- Animal Crime Cases –
- Timber Crime Cases –
10 (all of these cases were resolved by the parties
involved or turned out to be civil cases)
- Other Cases – 82
- Calls for
Service: Total 165 (calls phoned into the hotline
[1-855-75-CRIME] or ALEA dispatch)
- Property Crime Calls
- Animal Crime Calls –
- Timber Crime Calls –
- Other Crime Calls -
Thinking about a family trip to cut a Christmas tree?
Here are a few places in Alabama to choose and cut
your own tree. (Full
list at Southern Christmas Tree Association):
"The [Pacific Northwest] fires have been in the
mainstream news for months, but a recent Wall Street
piece about the “controversial” subject of forest
thinning and its impact on fire suppression simply gets
it wrong. In the article, journalist Jim Carlton
failed to discuss the myriad benefits that regular
thinnings have on the overall health of our forests and
their peripheral ecosystems, wildlife habitats, and the
safety and economic wellbeing of the communities that
Read the six reasons thinning trees is good for the
Treat your venison right: “Sometimes you’ll get a
gamey flavor if you don’t get it on ice and get it
processed right. If you process it right, you’re going
to get great flavor from your venison.”
Find out how to age venison for great flavor and other
tips here. Source: Outdoor Alabama.
outdoor essays from David Rainer.
Intended as a comprehensive and authoritative
history, "Forestry in the U.S. South
explores the remarkable commercial and environmental
gains made possible through the collaboration of
industry, universities, and other agencies."
Purchase directly from the Forest History Society here.
A new Aunt Fanny essay makes sense of housing reports
and Timber REITs.
Deer farmers and the state of Texas are battling
over actions taken to manage
Chronic Wasting Disease in whitetail deer. CWD poses
a serious threat to deer species and hunting-related
activities and income in the
states where it is found.
submit comments here until December 11, 2015
Sabal Trails Pipeline Project, a 515-mile natural
gas transmission pipeline. “Roughly 86 of those miles
are located in Alabama. The current study corridor
affects four counties in Alabama, including Tallapoosa,
Chambers, Lee and Russell Counties.” Source: The South
Next Month, Jim Noles, Balch & Bingham LLP.
"A country’s long-term “potential” growth rate depends
on two things: the number of workers, and how productive
they are. Slower population growth directly
chips away at the number of workers." We thought this
was interesting in light of the housing reports this
This interactive Federal Footprint map is an
interesting, detailed look at land owned by the U.S.
government. "The feds control a lot of land and
shouldn’t be rushing out to add more territory and
responsibility. In these days of budget deficits and
spending cuts, the federal government clearly is
becoming hard pressed to manage what it already owns."
Ketchican Daily News, 11/21/15
And another perspective on federal land ownership
from our friends at the Property and Environment
More housing numbers: "Forisk projects 12.1% growth over
"Georgia-Pacific last week announced plans for $110
million in upgrades to its Alabama River Cellulose (ARC)
mill in Monroe County." Work will begin in early
2016, and is expected to take 18 months. Source:
Yellowhammer News, 11/19/15
A new report says
wood pellet export markets pose no threat to the
sustainability of U.S. Southern forests
or the viability of other forest products manufacturers.
In fact, removals for export pellet production
represented .08% of the total forest inventory in 2014.
National Alliance of Forest Owners, 11/18/15.
“Alabama timber, forestry industry may get big worker
boost with new state grant.”
According to the European Food Safety Authority,
glyphosate/Roundup “is unlikely to cause cancer in
humans.” This news should bring relief to many
forest owners, who use Roundup for a variety of forestry
uses, after a
March 2015 World Health Organization report, based
on “limited evidence of carcinogenicity,” classified
glyphosate “probably carcinogenic to humans.”
Virginia Tech’s latest housing report remains dismal
and provides little hope for a quick upturn in sawtimber
stumpage prices. On the other hand, while American’s are
not building as many single family homes as they were
pre-recession, we are slowly recovering from the
recession lows –
lows that are very high for much of the rest of the
The EPA wants information from the public on any ongoing
efforts to address stormwater discharge from forest
roads to determine whether additional measures to
protect water quality are necessary. Since these
“additional measures” could include regulations or a
permitting program imposed on the owners of forest roads,
consider whether you want to take advantage of this
opportunity. Such input could very well shape any future
regulatory rulemaking on this topic. Submit your
comments, identified by Docket ID No. EPA–HQ–
OW–2015–0668, to the
Federal eRulemaking Portal.
Read the entire announcement from the
Federal Register. (1/5/15) Update: Comment period
has been extended to Feb. 11
The two biggest publicly traded forest landowners in
the U.S. will merge.
Weyerhaeuser is buying Plum Creek for $8.4B to form
Prescribed Grazing is a term we hadn’t heard
before for using goats and other livestock to control
unwanted vegetation. A Google search found
Goat, unfortunately based in North Carolina, but
with a focused message that will be of interest to
anyone in Alabama who is thinking about setting up a
prescribed grazing business. A 2010 WBHM story,
Rent-a-Goat Business Takes Off, featured Todd &
Allison Sluiss. The Michigan couple were also featured
Farm Show article back in 2009. At that time they
charged $300 per day with a 2-day minimum.
Goat Busters were used in 2014 to clear privet and
other brush and vines on
Birmingham’s Red Mountain Park.
Could an organized, well-informed group of forest
landowners harm local wood markets? That is the
interesting situation described in Antti Kämäräinen's
recent Forest2Market Blog,
"The Cost of Market Power: When is Too Much Market Power
Detrimental to a Market’s Global Competitiveness?"
Cogongrass, a weed that burns hot enough to kill
mature pines, now infests over 65,000 acres in the South,
and is, unfortunately, common in south Alabama.
Herbicides applied in late April and late September have
proven to be the most effective form of eradication.
"The two herbicides currently being used are 41%
glyphosate [Roundup] and 52% imazapyr [Arsenal]. A good
tank mix is two quarts of glyphosate and 12 to 15 ounces
of imazapyr per 25 gallons of water. Adding a non-ionic
surfactant at one pint per 25 gallons, or AMS (ammonium
sulfate) at five pounds granular per 25 gallons can
increase herbicide efficiency." For more details about
identification and control, go to
Great Days Outdoors, 11/15.
The White Fringeless Orchid has been proposed
for the endangered species list by the U.S. Fish &
Wildlife Service. The orchid has been found in 8 Alabama
counties: Calhoun, Clay, Cleburne, DeKalb, Jackson,
Marion, Tuscaloosa, and Winston. Since forestry
practices may cause modification of the orchid’s habitat
that could harm individual plants, forest owners may
want to learn more about the proposed listing, and
possibly send comments to the Fish & Wildlife Service
before the November 16, 2015 comments deadline.
See 9/14/15 press release for contact information.
Timber Markets In a Nutshell: pine stumpage prices
down; hardwood stumpage prices up -- more or less.
Source: Forest2Market Blog,
US South Stumpage Market Trends: YDT 2015 Results and
Historic Data by Daniel Stuber, 11/15.
"US Department of Agriculture Terminates Consideration
of Hardwood Checkoff." "Based on comments
received, outstanding substantive questions and
significant proposed modifications from stakeholders,
USDA is terminating the proceeding." Many of the wood
processors were so unhappy with the proposed tax that
they created a website entitled
Editor's note: While stumpage growers (landowners) do
not directly pay the tax (the check-off is paid by the
wood processors), the burden of the tax falls directly
on stumpage growers, since payments for standing timber
tend to be the amount left over after costs of producing
lumber and plywood are covered. Stumpage growers would
not have been given a seat on the decision making board,
if the checkoff had been imposed.
Tree Identification webinar kicked off a series
of webinars designed for woodland owners in Kentucky.
The University of Kentucky Cooperative Extension Service
webinars will continue on October 29, November 12,
November 19 and December 1.
More details including registration information is
available on the UKAgNews website.
Aunt Fanny Learns Forestry: Managing Timberland as an
Investment "highlights the key obligations,
risks and metrics for owning and managing timberland
investments. The book serves any investor, from
individual to institution, interested in a tight and
entertaining tutorial for prioritizing what matters and
what does not when managing their timber assets as an
investment." $12 from Forisk Consulting. To read some of
the Aunt Fanny essays click here
Protect your home from wildfires: "Roof Saver
Sprinklers® wet roofs, gutters, decks, surrounding
trees, and shrubs."
"Understory Prescribe Burns: Understory burns in
pine plantations are typically conducted during the
dormant season. Now is the time to begin planning for
those burns. Install firelanes after leaf fall and have
both a prescribe burn and smoke management plan prepared
by a Certified Burn Prescriptionist." Source:
of Forest Management Specialists, Inc., Vol. 2,
Issue 3. Other topics in the newsletter include Timber
Market Update, Focus Industry, Timber Sales, Boundary
Line Maintenance, and Mineral Leases.
Letters to Dad is a short video created by the
Paper Check-off as part of a consumer campaign to "slow
the decline in paper usage." A check-off for softwood
lumber similar to the Paper Check-off has been opposed
by Resolute Forest Products, Inc., as an
unconstitutional tax. A hardwood check-off under
discussion has been reduced in size so much as a result
of complaints that "it would exclude over 80% of the
hardwood forest products industry," and be "severely
underfunded." Source: Timber Mart-South ~ Market News
fire weather links are available at the Alabama
Forestry Commission website. Even if you're not planning
a prescribed burn, we think you'll find some of this
The domestic cat is the top killer of America's
A new study suggests that even with this knowledge,
cat owners are unwilling to restrain their cats to
protect wildlife. Source: Great Days Outdoors
magazine, October 2015
We hate to bring up western fires again, but they are
"Sometimes the science really has to matter."
"By shifting the blame to climate change [politicians]
think they can avoid taking responsibility for their
Farming the Woods: An Integrated Permaculture Approach
to Growing Food and Medicinals in Temperate Forest
by Ken Mudge and Steve Gabriel may be of interest to
some Alabama forest owners, even though the authors'
target audience are forest owners in the northern U.S.
Confiscatory Property Taxes Push Wisconsin Forest Owners
into Untenable Position. In order to avoid very
high forestland property taxes, many Wisconsin forest
owners signed on to the Managed Forest Law program which
reduced property taxes, but also forced participants to
open their lands to public access. Now a district court
has "approved regulations allowing Wisconsin's Lake
Superior Chippewa Indians to conduct night hunting for
deer on lands open to public hunting (including Managed
Forest Law "open" lands)..." Source: Wisconsin Woodland
Owners Association, 10/14/15.
Trump: Eminent Domain, Even For Private Projects Is
‘Wonderful Thing,’ ‘You’re Not Taking Property’
Lyme Disease is present in 7 Alabama counties.
They are Calhoun, Chambers, Jefferson, Mobile, Russell,
Shelby, and Tuscaloosa counties, according to the
Alabama Department of Public Health.
The Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals today stayed the
waters of the U.S. rule issued by EPA and the U.S.
Army Corps of Engineers that became effective on August
28. The court vote of 2-1 suspended the effectiveness of
the rule nationwide. The following statement in response
to the court’s decision was issued by Dave Tenny,
President and CEO, National Alliance of Forest Owners:
“We are pleased the
court took the prudent step of staying the rule
while it sorts through the legal issues. The finding
of the court that the petitioners have a strong
likelihood of success on the procedural and
substantive issues in the case is encouraging, but
it will take time for the court to consider these
issues individually. Postponing implementation of
the rule pending a determination of its legality
makes good sense. In the meantime, we continue to
encourage Congress to enact legislation that will
enable all parties to take a fresh look at this
issue outside of the courtroom.”
The next step in the case
will be a decision by the Sixth Circuit as to whether or
not that court has jurisdiction to review the validity
of the rule. Source:
National Alliance of Forest Owners, 10/9/15. See
The Washington Times, 10/9/15.
Alabama's Pickens County 4-H Forestry Team earned third
place in the National 4-H Forestry Invitational
held in Weston, West Virginia.
"The black pinesnake, a burrowing constrictor found only
in pine forests of southern Mississippi and Alabama, is
now listed as threatened, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife
Service said Monday." Source:
10/5/15. We understand that another 65 species in the
southeast have been proposed for federal protection
under the same lawsuit that forced the US Fish &
Wildlife Service to consider listing the black pinesnake
as threatened. See:
Black Pine Snakes Protected Under Endangered Species
Act: Declines Driven by Destruction of Southeast's
Longleaf Pine Ecosystem.
Is it reasonable to ask why government should be in
the entertainment business? If entertainment is not
an important function of government, why do we worry if
several state parks will soon be closed? See:
5 Alabama state parks to close following budget cuts.
"Cameras Will Soon Do The Job of Fire Tower Lookouts."
Source: www.opb.org, 9/22/15.
Poor forest management to blame for out-of-control
western fires, says
Capital Press, 9/24/15.
Facing a 19.6 percent cut in state funding,
"Alabama State Forester Greg Pate said the commission
couldn't handle any cuts, especially one so drastic."
Source: WSFA, 9/24/15.
Forest and Humans: From the Midwest to Madagascar
is the focus of a University of Wisconsin "Massive Open
Online Course," scheduled to begin on 9/30/15. "Massive
Open Online Courses (MOOCs), are unique virtual
teaching, learning and research experiences that are not
for credit, aimed at unlimited participation and
available at no cost to learners around the world." An
introductory video about the course and enrollment
information is at:
Three species of parasitoid wasps have been released in
North America in an attempt to control the
emerald ash borer, the
"most destructive forest pest ever seen in North
Flying Robot Spiders -- there must be some use
for this technology in the forest.
Forest Economist Dr. Jack Lutz discusses the growth of
trees and the growth of stands of trees in Limits to
[Tree] Growth, Forest Research Notes, Volume 12,
Number 3. Be sure to look at Figure 2,
which focuses on the value of planting, site
preparation, competition control, fertilization, and
tree improvement. (MAI
= Mean Annual Increment)
Seattle, USA. Softwood lumber prices (in US $) have
fallen throughout a majority of the main markets in the
world during the 2Q/15 because of weaker demand,
ample supply throughout the distribution chain and a
strengthening US dollar. The biggest declines have
occurred in the US, Canada and the Nordic countries,
while the drop in import prices to China and Japan has
been more modest. Source: Wood Resource Quarterly
Press Release, 9/16/15.
U.S. Forest Service scientist not allowed to discuss
federal fire policy. A paper written by the
scientist, "Reform Forest Fire Management," says
suppressing every fire in overgrown forests is not only
expensive, but dangerous and ill-advised.
More Aunt Fanny essays from Forisk Consulting: (see
Private forestry plays a key role in in both Finland and
the United States. "In Finland, 80 percent of
the domestic wood used by the forest industry comes from
privately owned forests. In the United States, the
number varies by region, but is roughly 55 percent."
Source: Forest2Market Blog by Antti Kamarainen.
A gun law passed during the 2015 Regular Legislative
Session went into effect Tuesday, after a
bipartisan effort ushered through several significant
sponsored by Rep. Chris England (D-Tuscaloosa), were
backed by the National Rifle Association (NRA).
Governor Bentley signed the bill into law on June 4.
“This is a victory for the
Second Amendment and Alabama’s law-abiding gun owners”,
said executive director of the NRA’s Institute for
Legislative Action Chris W. Cox. “Among other
reforms, the new law gives young people greater
opportunities to learn and enjoy our firearms and
hunting heritage…” Source: Yellowhammer,
Seven new Champion Trees were recently registered in
Alabama's list of big trees. Two of the seven
new champions have a good chance of being declared
national champions next year - a post oak and a red
Champion Trees of Alabama 2015 contains
measurements of the largest trees by species recorded in
Alabama and is published periodically by the Alabama
Athens voters reject property tax increase.
Tom the Sawyer was introduced to us in the latest
Independent Sawmill and Woodlot Management
magazine and we thought you might like to visit
Tom's Portable Sawmill Service webpage. One of the
links on his Resources page is the
"Portable Sawmill Finder" which can help you find
portable sawmilling services here in Alabama and other
IF YOU FIND YOURSELF IN A HOLE...the first thing to do
is stop digging.
Good advice from the Property and Environment Research
Center to the U.S. Congress as it debates whether to
continue spending $900 million per year to acquire more
land (Land & Water Conservation Fund, LWCF) while
National Parks has an $11.5 billion maintenance backlog.
Perhaps good advice, too, for
Alabama lawmakers who are struggling to keep Alabama
Forever Wild continues to spend millions of dollars
every year on more land.
Western Forest Fires: "Same sad stories, new year."
If forest growth is not harvested, all that useful wood
becomes nothing more than fuel. An opinion piece in The Washington Post (8/21/15) reviews
"Five myths about wildfires," while a logger
spokesman in Oregon (GoLocal, 8/21/15) points out,
"When a fire starts on federal land, it is almost always
bigger than one that starts on a private owned area."
"In fact, there are examples of fires that start on
federal land and are very severe but once they get to
private land, where forests are healthier, they weaken
Will you be around long enough to enjoy your forestland?
Four recent headlines:
Choose loblolly pine seedlings resistant to fusiform
rust to minimize future damage. ArborGen claims
"breakthrough in rust resistance with genomics."
"Louisiana-Pacific expanding Thomasville mill, adding 20
Source: AL.com, 8/5/15
The U.S. South remains significantly cost competitive
for delivered softwood fiber when compared to
Coastal British Columbia, Scandinavia, U.S. Northwest,
and New Zealand/Australia. Only Southern Brazil is close
to us according to a chart in a F2M Market Watch
article by Suz-Anne Kinney,
Finnish Forestry Expansion: Increased Demand Affects
Supply and Price.
Need a land surveyor in Alabama? Use the
Find a Surveyor webpage of the Alabama
Society of Professional Land Surveyors. We selected
"Marion" in the "Professional County" drop down menu and
then clicked on the "Continue" button. In about 10
seconds Phillip Lindley's name popped onto the screen.
When we hovered over his name with the mouse/cursor, Mr.
Lindley's name, address, and phone number popped up.
When we selected Talladega in Professional County, seven
names popped up. A great service.
"Threatened bats halt some timber projects."
"Some members of the industry are already being
affected, even with the interim rule in place. Five
hundred timber projects that were to receive federal
funding from the Natural Resource Conservation Service,
part of the United States Department of Agriculture,
have been tabled for the summer. June and July are the
months when the bats tend to raise their pups in the
trees, and the NRCS has opted to err on the side of
caution and stop funding all projects until the pup
season ends." Source: North Andover, Massachusetts
Eagle Tribune, 7/19/15.
should not have to fear the government’s taking their
homes, farms, or businesses to give to other
persons. Governments should not abuse the power of
eminent domain to force rural property owners from their
land in order to develop rural land into industrial and
commercial property. Congress has a duty to protect the
property rights of rural Americans in the face of
eminent domain abuse." Source:
Private Property Rights Protection Act of 2015,
a Bill introduced by James Sensenbrenner, Jr. (R-WI-5)
in the 114th Congress, July 9, 2015.
Walker County voters will decide whether to continue a 3
mill property tax on September 8. Original
source: Daily Mountain Eagle, 7/14/15. The
Daily Mountain Eagle has since removed the article,
but we have posted a picture of it to AFOA's Facebook
Baldwin County voters will make a similar decision on
March 1, 2016.
Source: AL.com, 6/16/15.
"How much rain fell on my land during the last 24
hours?" If you have ever asked yourself that
question, Intellicast might have an answer for you.
Check out their 24 hour precipitation map
State Budget Mess - Part II -- a morning
commentary from forest industry lobbyist, Tom Saunders,
in From the Weeds, July 13, 2015. You may also
find Tom's commentary from
June 10, and
June 5 useful background information for what you
will read or hear in the daily news duing the next 30
Hearing: The State of Property Rights in America Ten
Years after Kelo v. City of New London, 2 PM
Eastern Time on July 9, 2015 in 2141 Rayburn House
Office Building, Washington, DC. Brian Seasholes, Reason
Foundation, one of the witnesses, will focus on the
impacts on property rights from the Endangered Species
Act and the Clean Water Act. You can listen to the
hearing on your computer.
New housing starts down in May. Scroll down to
slide 4. Source: Virginia Tech May 2015 Housing
Commentary by Urs Buehlmann and Al Shuler.
Archive of past reports.
The Boutwell Family of Alabama were recently named
Southern Regional Tree Farmers of the Year - 2015.
"Adding more land to the federal estate is irresponsible
when the government is failing to maintain the parks,
forests and grazing lands it currently owns. Rather than
using the conservation fund to acquire more land,
Congress should use the money to help address the
deferred maintenance backlog." Source: Property and
Environment Research Center, 6/30/15.
"Beetle Plague Spurs Canadians on U.S. Lumber-Mill
"Chased from their home forests by rising costs and a
plague of tree-killing beetles, West Fraser Timber Co.,
Canfor Corp. and Interfor Corp. have been on a buying
spree, doubling the number of mills they own in the
South since 2009 to about 34. The Canadians are drawn by
the region’s 210 million acres of fast-growing forests
and expanding housing markets from Texas to Virginia to
Florida, according to Brooks Mendell, president of
Forisk Consulting, an Athens, Georgia-based timberland
researcher." Source: Bloomberg.com, 6/22/15.
The Case Against Pope Francis's Green Encyclical.
Anything Peaceful, 6/22/15.
- Pope Francis:
Let us realize, for example, that most of the
paper that is produced is thrown away and not
- Borders & Bier:
So would Pope Francis have us burn fossil fuels to
go around and collect processed pulp? Is he unaware
that demand for paper is what drives the supply of
new trees? We aren’t running out of trees because we
throw away paper. The Pope’s plan sounds like it
could have been hatched in Berkeley, California,
instead of Vatican City.
"On May 26, 2015, the United States Fish and Wildlife
Service (FWS) issued a Notice of Intent (Notice) that
initiated environmental review of a proposal to
regulate the incidental take of most of the bird species
found in the United States. In the Notice, FWS
a plan for development of a multi-layer permitting
program under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act
(MBTA), an almost 100-year-old statute designed to
control poaching and commercial hunting." "The MBTA
makes it a crime to 'pursue, hunt, take, capture, kill,
attempt to take, capture or kill,' possess, sell,
purchase, or ship any migratory bird or any part, nest
or egg of a migratory bird." About 1,000 species of
birds are included. FWS invites comments on their
proposal through July 27, 2015. Source: Marten Law, June
Alligator hunting season in Alabama is just around the
currently underway and will continue until 8 a.m. July
14, 2015. Hunters who draw tags are required to attend
mandatory training classes. See
www.outdooralabama.com (scroll down towards the
bottom of the page) for mandatory class schedules
and season dates. A 17-minute video in five segments has
been developed for alligator hunters to watch online.
Permit holders will then answer a series of questions
related to the video.
"2 Alabama ATV riders killed in 2 weeks, authorities
share safety tips."
A bipartisan effort to "preserve timberland tax
provisions in an ongoing national tax reform effort"
resulted in a June 3, 2015 letter sent by 80 Members of
Congress to Chairman of the House Ways and Means
Committee Paul Ryan and Ranking Member Sander Levin.
Read an Alabama
Forestry Association press release praising the
leadership of Alabama Congresswoman Terri Sewell and the
rest of the Alabama delegation.
letter here. Editor's Note: While we
appreciate the efforts made by our Members of Congress
and the other 73 signers of the letter in our behalf, we
couldn't help chuckling at the 4 words in fine print at
the bottom of the first page of the letter: PRINTED
ON RECYCLED PAPER. We wonder if it would be
appropriate for a letter sent to a Congressional
committee focused on agricultural issues to bear a
message: EAT LESS CORN, or, in Congressman Ryan's
case: EAT LESS CHEESE.
Waters of the U.S.: "Congressman Gary Palmer
spoke out this week against the Environmental Protection
Agency’s (EPA) latest major regulation, which opponents
say is a significant overreach of the bureaucracy’s
power. Along with the Army Corps of Engineers, the EPA
is seeking to redefine “Waters of the United States”
under the Clean Water Act to include small areas water
collects or could collect, such as ditches, puddles and
small ponds." Source: Yellowhammer, 5/29/15
"Outpost Campsites" at Gulf State Park may be
just the idea you've been looking for to add extra
income from your forestland.
A Key to Common Native Trees of Alabama,
ANR-0509, was revised last year by Auburn University's
Dr. Nancy Loewenstein. The 16 page publication contains
good line drawings and a dichotomous key to help you
identify 69 native trees. Open it in your tablet or
print out a copy and take an educational walk in the
Pine Beetle (SPB) Prevention Cost-Share Program.
For a limited time, help is being offered to fight
against the number one killer of pine trees in Alabama.
Now through the end of June, technical assistance and
financial incentives are available to help forest
landowners across the state apply prevention practices
to reduce the susceptibility of their pine stands to
attack by southern pine beetle.
Don't Write Off Paper Just Yet. Be sure to look
at the top two lines in the graph, "Ten Years of Paper
Production." Tissue and Containerboard -- diapers and
cardboard boxes -- stable or slightly growing demand.
Source: NPR, 5/26/15
In his new book, By the People: Rebuilding Liberty
without Permission, Charles Murray proposes "a
declaration of limited resistance to the existing
For a discussion of the book and to view an interview
with Murray, read Thomas Firey's review, Insuring
Tory win in United Kingdom may give Prime Minister
Cameron the power to remove "...the 'green crap' that
subsidises renewable power..."
The U.K. is a major importer of wood pellets shipped
from the Southern U.S. Government mandates in U.K. and
other European countries force electric power producers
there to use renewable energy sources, such as solar,
wind, and wood pellets.
No more public funds in tax increase referendums.
"Alabama State Auditor Jim Zeigler (R), announced in a
press conference Monday morning that he is personally
filing a lawsuit to stop school boards from using
taxpayer money to campaign for tax increases."
is estimated that the Baldwin County school board spent
upwards of $1 million to campaign for the failed tax
hike." Source: YellowHammer, 5/4/15.
Time to Move on from the Endangered Species Act,
an article on the Heartland blog, 4/30/15, concludes
that authority over environment and land issues be
returned to the states. We might suggest that
authority over property should be returned to the
millions of private owners who have a strong vested
interest in caring for the land and the plants and
animals that live on it. The constant grinding away of
property rights by governments, large and small, must
Take Action on Black Pine Snake.
From Fear to Facts: A Landowner's Perspective
was produced by Michigan State University Extension to
help forest owners overcome their fears of harvesting
the trees they have grown. If you have never made a
timber sale, this video may be useful to you.
"Voters defeat tax increase in Lawrence County by
Source: The Moulton Advertiser, 4/29/15.
"Knowing the price paid for a timberland property does
not tell us whether it was a good price or not.
Just as with a house, we need to know where it is and
what its physical attributes are. A good timber
inventory is most important. A full inventory report
will provide information on land types, timber volumes
and sizes, site indexes and age class distributions."
Forest Research Notes, 1Q15.
Legislation in Montgomery that we thought you might
lots more at From the Weeds, 4/27/15):
- SB12 (Sandford)
Allows General Fund to participate in growth tax
- HB135 (Clouse)
General Fund Appropriations Bill that would cut
budget by 11% from 2015. Forestry Commission would
receive $1.7 million less than last year
SB227 (Singleton)/HB477 (Knight) Constitutional
increase property taxes statewide by 8.5 mills
HB485 (Melton) Perry County Constitutional
Amendment raising ad valorem taxes by 3 mills
Message to Governor Bentley: "Sell the Parks."
AFOA received an email a few days ago that read: "One
question that should be asked at this public meeting is
-- 'Since the purpose of government is not to
entertain, why doesn't the state sell the parks to
"Bentley to address budget crisis, possible state park
closures", source: The News Courier, 4/17/15.
"Mortgage finance giant Fannie Mae just debuted its new
'HomePath Ready Buyer Program,' which lets
first-time homebuyers get up to a 3% rebate of a home’s
purchase price if they buy a Fannie Mae property, so
long as they complete an online homebuyer education
course which costs $75.00." "But is this new effort good
for taxpayers and the economy, or is this similar to
programs that led to the subprime mortgage crisis and
housing crash? Is the federal government acting once
again like the boozy bartender handing out free drinks
at the frat party?" Source:
April 22 is Earth Day! Environmentalists and
their friends may have brought us Earth Day, but please
say it isn't true that
big corporations and Republicans have forced upon us the
demise of the incandescent light bulb. If a
misguided Congress can take away light bulbs, it
shouldn't be too hard for them to abolish capital gains
treatment of timber sale income and expensing of forest
management and tree planting costs -- in the name of tax
Paul Ryan See:
Orrin Hatch See:
Forest Landowners Association - What is Tax a
Death Tax Repeal Vote Scheduled for this week.
"The Park Service gets around $2.6 billion to manage 84
million acres at 407 different sites, and includes
Parks, Monuments and Wilderness areas.
Congress, the administration and various lobbying groups
keep telling us there is a huge demand for these type
areas. If that be the case, why hire a private marketing
firm to conduct a seven-year, multimillion dollar
campaign to raise 'awareness' of these areas? Sorry, but
this is all about current and future funding, i.e.,
money. First, they want to use the 100 year anniversary
to obtain a substantial increase in their annual
operating budget. Second, the dirty little secret is
that youth and minorities make fewer visits to these
areas than their national population would indicate,
thereby becoming a threat to future funding. The future
of the agency and the crony capitalists in the outdoor
industry is at stake. Jarvis says they want a 'personal
connection to the public.' They do. To your wallet and
to Congressional coffers. Just wanted you to be 'aware'
of that too." Source: The Westerner, Frank
The Ecologically Destructive Tax: How the Federal Estate
Tax is Ecologically Harmful and How to Fix It
is the title of a Reason Foundation Working Paper
Brian Seasholes. "...because it is a
working paper, comments/criticisms are welcome, as I
will hopefully be turning this into a bit longer study,"
Seasholes in a recent email note.
Federal Land Acquisition and its Impacts on
Communities and the Environment is the title of a
public hearing to be conducted by the Subcommittee on
Federal Lands of the U.S. House Committee on Natural
Resources. Visit the
Committee Calendar for additional information, once
it is made available. The meeting is open to the public
and a live video stream will be broadcast at
House Committee on Natural Resources. Contact:
Committee Press Office (202) 226-9019.
Senate Bill 116, sponsored by Arthur Orr,
"Creates felony crime and penalties for hunting on
land without permission." Source:
From the Weeds, 4/3/15.
The original bill was
amended to include trespassing to catch fish as well as
The U.S. Forest Service and U.S. Bureau of Land
Management (BLM) "manage more than 100 million acres of
timberland in the United States, yet both agencies
lose money on their vast timber resources. Simply
put, these losses are the result of high management
costs and low revenues. From 2009 to 2013, the Forest
Service generated 32 cents for every dollar it spent on
timber management, while the BLM received 38 cents per
dollar spent." See Table 3 on page 14 of
Divided Lands: State Vs. Federal Management in the West
by Holly Fretwell and Shawn Regan.
Baldwin County voters "crushed a tax increase proposal
at the ballot box." "On the ballot in Baldwin
County Tuesday were referendums that would have
implemented a new 30-year, 8-mill property tax to pay
for a $350 million education building campaign, and the
renewal of three separate existing taxes totaling
7-mills. The county reportedly spent nearly $1 million
in taxpayer dollars to promote the tax increase and hold
the election. The new taxes were each defeated by over
30 points, and only one precinct in the entire county
voted to support them. Only one of the renewals
succeeded, which will keep an existing 3-mill tax in
place." Source: YellowhammerNews.com, 4/1/15.
Do-It-Yourself Information on Portable Sawmills, Log
Splitters, Logging Winches, Dry Kilns and all sorts
of related equipment and supplies can be found in the 52
2015 Independent Sawmill & Woodlot Management Buyer's
Forest Management Practices to Enhance Habitat for the
is short publication that may be helpful to south
Alabama forest owners who want to prevent unnecessary
harm to these interesting residents of their land from
timber harvesting or other management activities.
Property Tax Referendums Now Listed on Secretary of
State's Website! PLEASE
THANK Alabama Secretary of State John H. Merrill
for adding this very important new information source to
the Secretary of State's website. Follow this path to
Upcoming Elections: open
www.sos.alabama.gov in your web browser; then
click on the
red "Elections" tab on the left; then click on
"View Alabama's UPCOMING ELECTIONS."
Here's what we found today:
"Reforestation at Risk - U.S. Department of Labor
Must Resume Processing H-2B Visas!" reports the
Forest Resource Association in an action alert dated
There have been 195 bills introduced in the Alabama
House and 167 in the Alabama Senate this week.
Some are really important, but may we digress from the
bigger picture to note that SB123 (Whatley)
"requires permit and $50 fee for game feeders."
From the Weeds, 3/6/15. Sounds like more
regulations and higher taxes, but we could be wrong.
Shipments of Southern Pine Lumber Up in 2014.
The Southern Forest Products Association (SFPA)
announced on March 3rd that, for the fifth consecutive
year, shipments of Southern Pine lumber recorded an
increase from the previous year. Shipments in 2014
totaled 15.79 billion board feet (Bbf), an increase of
5% over the volume shipped in 2013 (15.03 Bbf) and 34%
above 2009 shipments (11.79 Bbf). Source: SFPA Press
Tuscaloosa County Property Tax Vote Today, March 3.
The 30-year tax is equivalent to $210 per year on a
$100,000 home. Source: Alabama13.com, 2/27/15.
Investing in Timberland is a blog written by
realtor and consulting forester Eddie Stone. We think
you might find the conversation interesting.
Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker proposes eliminating red
tape that strangles private forest owners in his state
-- and by eliminating regulations that require a state
forester to approve of timber harvests on private land,
he also proposes eliminating a few state forester
positions due to the reduced workload. To reduce
confiscatory property taxes, many Wisconsin forest
owners have allowed the state to take over the
management of their land. Walker's proposals may be
good, but will not eliminate the problems caused by
unreasonably high property taxes. According to the LaCrosse Tribune,
the Wisconsin Department of
Natural Resources has 2,600 employees!
Bentley "will propose a $700 million tax hike in his
State of the State address March 3rd." Source:
Two publications on silviculture that you may find
Free Market Environmentalism for the Next Generation,
by Terry Anderson and Donald Leal, continues their
eye-opening idea that property rights and markets can
provide real-world solutions for impending environmental
Listen to Dr. Anderson explain the meaning of "free
market environmentalism" during an interview with AFOA
Currently at about 1.2 million housing starts,
Forisk projects housing starts to peak at 1.6 million
starts by 2019.
"Lack-luster household formation," among other
things, still holding down demand for lumber products.
Source: Virginia Tech December 2014 Housing
Commentary. Archived at:
Virginia Tech Housing Reports
The Strategic Plan to Grow Alabama's Agriculture,
Agribusiness, Forestry, and Forest Products Industries
2015 - 2020 was unveiled today at a
Montgomery press conference led by Governor Robert
Bentley, Commissioner of the Department of Agriculture
and Industries, John McMillan, and leaders of Alabama's
agriculture and forestry industry.
Grandchildren: Company leadership might skip a
Lyme Disease in Alabama. "A little more than
three years ago, Carrie Mason was your normal
16-year-old, looking forward to having a driver’s
license and enjoying the outdoors with her parents, Art
and Dianne Mason."
outdoor essays from David Rainer.
"Capital Gains Taxes Should Go Down, Not Up."
"The President wants to raise the top tax rate on
capital gains and dividends to 28 percent." Source:
Raising Taxes on Capital Hurts the Middle Class,
Economics21, January 20, 2015. See also:
What Dynamic Analysis Tells Us About the President's Tax
Hike on Capital Gains and Dividends, Tax
Planning to build a boat dock or light vehicular
The Southern Forest Products Association has
recently published the
Construction Guide: "The 40-page publication
provides information for the correct use of southern
pine materials for the construction of docks, piers,
bulkheads, pedestrian walkways, and light vehicular
bridges. New to this edition are 16 pages of
sample designs and a glossary of marine construction
Marina Dock Age, Dec 14/Jan 15.
The FAA (Federal Aviation Administration) has given an
Idaho company permission to provide drone surveillance
services for agricultural uses.
We are not sure if forest imaging is included in
Advanced Aviation Solutions' permit, but if not now, we
suspect commercial forestry services will become
available in the not too distant future. Original
Idaho Statesman, 1/7/15. Somewhat related:
Unmanned Aircraft System News.
"Based on the vote [on
Amendment 5 on November 4, 2014], 20% of Alabama
voters were not in favor of hunting being guaranteed as
a basic right. That means one out of five people who
voted do not support hunting. The constitutional
amendment should stand as a vivid reminder that our
rights are defined for us by society. This is why our
conduct as hunters should always be responsible and
Hunting at the Ballot Box by
Corky Pugh at
Editor's question: Do you believe "growers and
harvesters of timber" would command greater respect from
Alabama voters than "hunters" if the question were put
to a vote?
Forestland security depends on lots of factors,
including the sense of responsibility of neighbors to
report timber trespass (theft) and other potentially
illegal activities on nearby forestland. Unfortunately,
that sense of responsibility may be declining, according
to a National Center for Policy Analysis Research
American's Sense of Civic Duty Declining. The
NCPA report was based on an
Associated Press-GfK poll. See also:
10 Predictions for Wood Consuming Industries in 2015
from Forest2Market. While basking in the glow of F2M's
infallible predictions, you may consider a more reserved
approach to belief in predictions after reading
Botched environmental predictions for 2015 from